• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

GEOGRAPHY example of theoretical rationale

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Theoretical Rationale I will now explain the theory behind my hypothesis. A key focus during my investigation is spheres of influence. Settlement hierarchy, suggests that the larger the settlement, the larger the sphere of influence. This is the same with settlement because larger settlements provide a greater variety of services and shops, affecting the distance from which people are prepared to travel to the settlement. For example, the sphere of influence of a capital city would stretch to the borders of a country, but the sphere of influence of a small town, may only be very local, due to fewer services and shops, hence less reason to travel there. As it would be impractical to carry out such a large scale investigation of sphere of influences of settlements, I will adapt the theory to retail outlets, to investigate differences between spheres of influence of two retail outlets. ...read more.

Middle

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/63/Christaller_model_1.jpg Conversely, in 1931, William Reilly suggested that there are no fixed areas of trade and that they could vary in size, shape and may overlap. A statistical method was still used however, to determine a point. Consumers living on one side of this point, or breaking point, would patron settlement A and those on the other side would patron settlement B. So the point furthest from a settlement where someone would choose to travel to that settlement would be the breaking point. The breaking point between two settlements would generally be further from the larger settlements, hence closer to the smaller ones. Which leads me onto say, it cannot be calculated without 2 settlements. Christaller and Reilly's theories are both deterministic, however, in 1963, Huff brought a new concept into the study and his theory was more probabilistic. He too used a statistical method; however the result was expressed as a probability. ...read more.

Conclusion

Reilly's model also shows the effect population (and indirectly size) has an effect on sphere of influence, as shown in the diagram. Huffs probability model, reiterates that consumers have imperfect knowledge and choice to patron different locations, showing that a line cannot be drawn to fully determine whether consumers on one side will patron a certain location. Hypothesis 'I expect there will be a difference the sphere of influence of the two retail outlets, due to various reasons including the overall size of the outlets' To investigate the spheres of influence I will be comparing two retail outlets. These will be a Sainsbury's and an Aldi, both in the area of Selly Oak; the Sainsbury's being much larger. On the next page I am going to locate these outlets with the use of aerial maps and photos (from www.multimap.com). How close the retail outlets are to each other can be noticed. ?? ?? ?? ?? Investigating spheres of influence of two retail outlets Bharath Varadharajan ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Human Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Human Geography essays

  1. GCSE Geography Settlement Coursework

    Oxfordshire is celebrating its 1000th birthday this 2007. The 2001 census showed that Oxford has the highest amount of economically active students in England and Wales, and the lowest number of retired people in the South East. This shows that despite Oxford's age, it is still as affluent as ever.

  2. Windsor Investigation

    and almost the same amount thought that the tourists created problems in Windsor. This claim is further solidified by the response they gave when asked whether they thought there was a conflict in interests between the residents and tourists, a staggering 60% thought there was.

  1. geography settlement

    them and constructing models of urban development, such as the Burgess or concentric zone model. In MEDCs there is a tendency for people and businesses to relocate away from city-centres to the urban-rural fringe, which encroaches on the surrounding countryside in a process called urban sprawl.

  2. Enquiry: Investigation into Retail.

    We solved this problem by entering the units, and enquiring in order to determine the shop type. This was especially a problem if the shop was on the second floor of a building. Overall, there was nothing that could have flawed our results, as it was simple to solve any problems we had when on the trip.

  1. Does the Bentalls Shopping Centre in Kingston Upon Thames meet the needs of the ...

    Service Tally Total Lavatories 39 Cr�ches 12 Escalators 41 Seating 19 Litter Bins 12 Information Desk 14 Telephones 27 NB! There were not always 3 services given as answers, lessening the total count from 180 to 164. Which types of shops do you like to visit most in a shopping mall?

  2. Is Dungannon at the higher end of the settlement hierarchy than Coalisland?

    The education today in Coalisland is at its best. There are many schools in Coalisland. The primary schools are: * Primate Dixon * St. Johns * Gaelscoil Ui Neill Gaelscoil Ui Neill is an Irish primary school. There is only one secondary school in Coalisland and it is called St.

  1. Investigating whether there is a relationship between size of settlement and its functional ...

    Therefore Twyford will have a smaller functional index than Reading or Maidenhead. Method: Fifteen settlements were visited and the number and type of each service (for example clothes shops, restaurants etc) were recorded. This will show which services are available to people visiting this settlement.

  2. Case Studies - Population, Settlement, Industry and Environment

    * Racial Inequality * Air, visual, and water pollution London, UK-Solutions to problems in CBD Problems: Crime-78,000 violent incidents; Pollution-London was placed 102nd most polluted city; Congestion-Congestion charge introduced due to problems Solutions: * Crime-Improved police service, improved CCTV, improve areas to make them less run down, Target hardening *

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work