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Guide to China

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´╗┐Full Country Name: People's Republic of China Area: 9,596,960 sq km (mainland) Population: 1.25 billion (mainland) Capital City: Beijing (pop 13.8 million) People: Han Chinese (93%), plus 55 ethnic minorities Official Language: Putonghua (Beijing Mandarin dialect) Religion: Confucianism, Buddhism, Taoism, Muslim, Christian Government: Communist republic Presidant: Hu Jinatao Currency: Yen Bordering countries: Mongolia, India, Pakistan, Kazakhstan, Russia, North Korea, Kyrgzstan, Tajikastan, Afganistan, Nepal, Bhuton, Burma, Vietnam an Laos. Coastline: Pacific ocean, east china sea and south china sea. Highest mountain: mustag China is a huge country. Most of its modern cities are in the east, close to the coast and most people live here. The middle of the country is full of farming villages where most of the food is grown. In the north is the Gobi desert-a large is of mostly barren stone and sand. Rice is one of china?s most important crops. One in five of the worlds population is Chinese. China has phsical and human problems. These problems are mostly urbanization. China is a communist country. ...read more.


For 500 years, the Forbidden City in Beijing was home to Chinese emperors. Servants and administrators had to find there way around the hundreds of buildings that made up the vast walled city. Ordinary people and foreigners were forbidden from entering without permission. Five bridges crossed the stream called the River of Gold. There were 9,000 rooms for the emperors family. It was built facing the south to stay away from the Siberian winds and the evil spirits thought to have come from the north. Other famous sights are: The Bund, Terra Cotta Warriors, Yellow Mountain, Potala Palace and the West lake. Language: China has eight major dialect groups: Putonghua (Mandarin), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghainese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan and Hakka. The language spoken in Beijing is usually Mandarin (Putongua). This means the ?common language? and more than 70% of the population use it. Recently, the tourism to China has increased, so now, many people speak English, especially staff in Hotels. Religion: There are mainly five religions: Buddhism, Taoism, Islam, Catholicism and other Christian religions. ...read more.


It takes 60 years to complete.i Ice cream was invented in China around 2000BC when the Chinese packed a soft milk and rice mixture in the snow. When a Chinese child loses a baby tooth, it doesn't get tucked under the pillow for the tooth fairy. If the child loses an upper tooth, the child's parents plant the tooth in the ground, so the new tooth will grow in straight and healthy. Parents toss a lost bottom tooth up to the rooftops, so that the new tooth will grow upwards , too. It is considered good luck for the gate to a house to face south. Red is considered a lucky color in China. At one time wedding dresses were red. New Year's banners, clothing, and lucky money envelopes are still red. Long ago, silk making was a closely guarded secret. Anyone who gave the secret away could be killed. Fourth graders are expected to know 2,000 of the over 40,000 written Chinese characters. By the time they leave college, they will know 4,000 or 5,000 characters. Each character is learned by looking at it and memorizing it. ...read more.

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