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How can urban living be sustainable

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Introduction

How can urban living be sustainable? Urban living means living in a city or town or a densely populated area. A sustainable city is an urban area where residents have a way of life that will last a long time. The environment suffers minimal damage, economic, historic and social factors should also be able to stand the test of time. However one area or building can be sustainable and eco-friendly but the scale is only very small so isn't a lot of use in the long run. In cities and towns presently and in the future, we will have a number of issues facing us to make a sustainable city. Some of these issues are; waste disposal, efficient public transport, housing, energy supplies, supporting local businesses and protecting our natural environment. Waste Disposal Waste disposal is one of the biggest issues facing us. The only reason it is an issue is because there is too much waste. We are running out of ways to dispose it; that is suitable, cheap and sustainable. At the moment, each person throws away about 450kg of rubbish yearly. This means that over 111 million tonnes of rubbish end up in landfill sites around the UK. Landfill is the most common method of disposing waste; over 64% of our bin rubbish ends up in a landfill site (excluding industrial, business, and hospital waste). ...read more.

Middle

If we build flats and houses that were energy efficient, well designed, that seemed spacious and spent money on them. I think we could house more people. A new government idea is to start building "eco-towns". 10 spots around the UK (mainly in the southern part) have been chosen as zero carbon developments. In my opinion, this is a good idea in theory as according to Caroline Flint (the housing minister); they will be built to the highest standard. However, some of the sites are going too be built on green belt land. We should be protecting the natural environment and wildlife. Building, even if it's zero carbon, is not protecting the environment. What I think they should do, is redevelop all the empty houses we've already got! This creates space without ruining green belt land, the redeveloped houses should be sustainable (even though it's on a small scale) and it protects wildlife and countryside! Energy Energy supplies have always been a problem for Britain. This is because it's expensive; you need a lot of labour and impacts on health. In the Victorian times; they used coal as there main energy supply. In this process, they sent workers down mines to dig coal (a fossil fuel) and then burnt it in fires. Over 200 years, the process very much stayed the same; except they burn the coal for electricity instead of heat. ...read more.

Conclusion

Globally Nuclear energy is on a decline however the fossil fuels will run out. When they do, to provide the energy we need, I think we will have to use Nuclear energy. Because we haven't got the global logistics and skills to rely solely on renewable energy but for a city to be sustainable it will be possible. I mentioned eco-cities in a previous paragraph and I think they will be using a variety of renewable energy source especially offshore wind farms. Conclusion In my conclusion, I do think that urban living will be sustainable in a few years because we do have the technology, money and resources available. I do not necessarily think it will be in England, due to how fast progress is in developments and how heavily we still relying on other countries in energy supplies. I think one of the first sustainable cities will be in Brazil or Scotland. I think this because they have good infrastructures and natural resources. Economically, Scotland and Brazil are more a less even but in historically and culturally Scotland is ahead. Also Scotland has better education and a smaller population which will definitely make it easier. However scale wise, I don't think it will be possible to create a completely eco friendly and sustainable country, in the near future. Sites I visited http://www.ace.mmu.ac.uk/eae/Sustainability/Older/Waste_Disposal.html http://www.afn.org/~afn21661/Problems.htm http://www.againstincineration.org.uk/?cat=10 http://www.dismantle.org/curitiba.htm http://www.howstuffworks.com/landfill.htm http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/7327717.stm http://www.airquality.co.uk/standards.php http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Renewable_energy#Wind_power ?? ?? ?? ?? Isabelle Beckett-Smith 10PJ Geography ...read more.

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Response to the question

The writer tackles the question quite well, clearly separating each big problem with sustainability in an urban environment. Points are repeated, and so the essay could have been a lot more concise. It would be good to see some of ...

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Response to the question

The writer tackles the question quite well, clearly separating each big problem with sustainability in an urban environment. Points are repeated, and so the essay could have been a lot more concise. It would be good to see some of the main points linked to each other, for example how energy and waste are related (and how energy production creates a lot of waste itself).

Level of analysis

While the writer goes into a lot of data, several points are dragged out without adding extra detail – one should be careful that one isn't just writing to fill space. Keeping points concise yet detailed is a hard skill to master but important, especially when moving post-GCSE. Lots of statistics were used giving a background to the points made which were great to see.

Quality of writing

Punctuation and spelling seems very good overall. There is a lack of paragraphing (okay so each category is separated, but they could be split into several paragraphs each with a different objective). The use of 'in this paragraph' is something every teacher hates to see in an essay, if the introductions were a bit dry some better vocabulary would've been better placed. Furthermore, if this was to read as more of an essay perhaps the subtitles should've been forgone. Remember to use quotation marks when citing a quote.


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