• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How can urban living be sustainable

Extracts from this document...


How can urban living be sustainable? Urban living means living in a city or town or a densely populated area. A sustainable city is an urban area where residents have a way of life that will last a long time. The environment suffers minimal damage, economic, historic and social factors should also be able to stand the test of time. However one area or building can be sustainable and eco-friendly but the scale is only very small so isn't a lot of use in the long run. In cities and towns presently and in the future, we will have a number of issues facing us to make a sustainable city. Some of these issues are; waste disposal, efficient public transport, housing, energy supplies, supporting local businesses and protecting our natural environment. Waste Disposal Waste disposal is one of the biggest issues facing us. The only reason it is an issue is because there is too much waste. We are running out of ways to dispose it; that is suitable, cheap and sustainable. At the moment, each person throws away about 450kg of rubbish yearly. This means that over 111 million tonnes of rubbish end up in landfill sites around the UK. Landfill is the most common method of disposing waste; over 64% of our bin rubbish ends up in a landfill site (excluding industrial, business, and hospital waste). ...read more.


If we build flats and houses that were energy efficient, well designed, that seemed spacious and spent money on them. I think we could house more people. A new government idea is to start building "eco-towns". 10 spots around the UK (mainly in the southern part) have been chosen as zero carbon developments. In my opinion, this is a good idea in theory as according to Caroline Flint (the housing minister); they will be built to the highest standard. However, some of the sites are going too be built on green belt land. We should be protecting the natural environment and wildlife. Building, even if it's zero carbon, is not protecting the environment. What I think they should do, is redevelop all the empty houses we've already got! This creates space without ruining green belt land, the redeveloped houses should be sustainable (even though it's on a small scale) and it protects wildlife and countryside! Energy Energy supplies have always been a problem for Britain. This is because it's expensive; you need a lot of labour and impacts on health. In the Victorian times; they used coal as there main energy supply. In this process, they sent workers down mines to dig coal (a fossil fuel) and then burnt it in fires. Over 200 years, the process very much stayed the same; except they burn the coal for electricity instead of heat. ...read more.


Globally Nuclear energy is on a decline however the fossil fuels will run out. When they do, to provide the energy we need, I think we will have to use Nuclear energy. Because we haven't got the global logistics and skills to rely solely on renewable energy but for a city to be sustainable it will be possible. I mentioned eco-cities in a previous paragraph and I think they will be using a variety of renewable energy source especially offshore wind farms. Conclusion In my conclusion, I do think that urban living will be sustainable in a few years because we do have the technology, money and resources available. I do not necessarily think it will be in England, due to how fast progress is in developments and how heavily we still relying on other countries in energy supplies. I think one of the first sustainable cities will be in Brazil or Scotland. I think this because they have good infrastructures and natural resources. Economically, Scotland and Brazil are more a less even but in historically and culturally Scotland is ahead. Also Scotland has better education and a smaller population which will definitely make it easier. However scale wise, I don't think it will be possible to create a completely eco friendly and sustainable country, in the near future. Sites I visited http://www.ace.mmu.ac.uk/eae/Sustainability/Older/Waste_Disposal.html http://www.afn.org/~afn21661/Problems.htm http://www.againstincineration.org.uk/?cat=10 http://www.dismantle.org/curitiba.htm http://www.howstuffworks.com/landfill.htm http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/7327717.stm http://www.airquality.co.uk/standards.php http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Renewable_energy#Wind_power ?? ?? ?? ?? Isabelle Beckett-Smith 10PJ Geography ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Human Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a star student thought of this essay

4 star(s)

Response to the question

The writer tackles the question quite well, clearly separating each big problem with sustainability in an urban environment. Points are repeated, and so the essay could have been a lot more concise. It would be good to see some of ...

Read full review

Response to the question

The writer tackles the question quite well, clearly separating each big problem with sustainability in an urban environment. Points are repeated, and so the essay could have been a lot more concise. It would be good to see some of the main points linked to each other, for example how energy and waste are related (and how energy production creates a lot of waste itself).

Level of analysis

While the writer goes into a lot of data, several points are dragged out without adding extra detail – one should be careful that one isn't just writing to fill space. Keeping points concise yet detailed is a hard skill to master but important, especially when moving post-GCSE. Lots of statistics were used giving a background to the points made which were great to see.

Quality of writing

Punctuation and spelling seems very good overall. There is a lack of paragraphing (okay so each category is separated, but they could be split into several paragraphs each with a different objective). The use of 'in this paragraph' is something every teacher hates to see in an essay, if the introductions were a bit dry some better vocabulary would've been better placed. Furthermore, if this was to read as more of an essay perhaps the subtitles should've been forgone. Remember to use quotation marks when citing a quote.

Did you find this review helpful? Join our team of reviewers and help other students learn

Reviewed by hassi94 28/03/2012

Read less
Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Human Geography essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Discuss the negative impacts of Urbanisation

    5 star(s)

    Utilities such as electricity, water and sewage disposal are either not available or only available on a very unreliable basis. One of the negative cultural impact of urbanization is that it fasten the pace of the way people lived .

  2. Has Bluewater shopping centre been a benefit to the surrounding communities?

    Bluewater also brightens up the environment at night with its bright lights. Conclusion In my opinion I think that the local planning authority was right to allow the shopping centre to be developed because firstly it provided many jobs for people, something that would benefit everyone rather than living it as a chalk quarry, which would not benefit people.

  1. The aim of this paper is to answer three questions: How important is tourism ...

    In considering every need of the tourists, locals can often be overlooked. When doing the street map of the High Street, I noticed that there are very few shops selling basic necessities for locals. There were many shops geared at tourists selling souvenirs, which are of absolutely no use to locals.

  2. GCSE Geography Settlement Coursework

    40.42 km. This is shown in the picture below. Sphere of Influence - The area served by a settlement, shop or service and the area around a settlement which comes under its economic, social and political influence. It includes how far people will travel to reach this settlement, shop or service, which is generally further the bigger.

  1. A Comparison of the Impact & Management of Tourism in the Lulworth Cove & ...

    visit they have little areas to park so they are verge parking in areas which they are not meant to, causing a negative visual impact and traffic congestion around the small winding streets and around the picturesque village.

  2. To what extend has the Congestion Charge in London been successful?

    The combined cost of all the third party effects is a considerable amount. One of the problems of working in this area of economics is calculating the costs of such decisions. Supply and demand analysis can be used to consider the effect of such negative externalities.

  1. Geography Coursework: London Docklands / Pimlico Quality of Life Comparison

    the LDDC has made the Docklands a new ultra-modern extension of London's business district. The industries of printing, media, communications, retailing, leisure, tourism, commerce and finance have all set up major bases in the Docklands recently. Land and house prices are now reaching a peak as rich young people with

  2. Conflict in the rainforest - what does each group want?

    During the 1960s, the government of Brazil began to encourage poor people to move into the Amazon rainforest. These new settlers arrived in large numbers, looking for rainforest land to farm. A Lot of Land, but Not for the Poor Brazil is a vast country, but it has limited areas of farmland.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work