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How Do the Land Use Patterns in Hebburn Compare with the Urban Models of Burgess and Hoyt?

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Introduction

How Do the Land Use Patterns in Hebburn Compare with the Urban Models of Burgess and Hoyt? In my coursework I will be trying to answer the question above. I will identify what the models of Burgess and Hoyt are and how useful they are in showing how towns develop. Burgess and Hoyt are land use models, which demonstrate that towns develop and grow in a pattern, with the CBD (Central Business District) as the main focal point and that towns develop and outwards from this area. Both models show land use patterns and are based on concentric circles. Burgess is the simpler of the two models; Hoyt's model is more complicated because the concentric circles intersect one another. I want to ascertain if my hometown of Hebburn fits into either of these models, to establish this I came up with a series of hypothesis, which I thought might help me to understand whether Hebburn fits into these models. Hypothesis One of the aims of my coursework is to try and answer the hypotheses that we came up with in a class discussion. * Housing density increases as you move towards the town centre * Housing age increases as you move towards the town centre * Quality of housing declines as you move towards the town centre * Quality of environment declines as you move towards the town centre * The price of housing decreases as you move towards the town centre * Traditional heavy industry is found along rivers and railways * Modern light industry is found where there is good access by road on the edge of the settlement Data Collection To assist in explaining and in understanding the hypothesis that we had drawn up in class, I knew that I had to try and collect as much data as possible. In lessons we discussed the ways in which data would help us to understand the hypothesis. ...read more.

Middle

Once I had marked a number of houses I could see a pattern, and I used this, along with my own knowledge of Hebburn to color in whole areas of the map and completed a colour key on the reverse of the map to identify the age of the housing. Data Collection - Industry The last two hypotheses that I am going to look at are ' Is traditional heavy industry found along rivers and railways'? and is Modern light industry found where there is good access by road on the edge of the settlement? To obtain information to help me complete my industry hypothesis, my teacher and my group photographed the main industrial sites in Hebburn. These sites I marked and identified on my map. I copied these onto my large-scale map, on which I had already plotted and coloured my different areas of housing. On this map I added the main areas of industry in Hebburn, which I coloured purple. I discovered that some of the photographs of modern light industry sites were in areas, which were outside the concentric circles, I recorded this information in my photographic evidence. Data Processing and Presentation In order to obtain answers to my hypothesis's I processed and presented my data in forms of pie charts graphs, scatter diagrams and information plotted on the map. Data Processing and Presentation - Housing Density My data was pooled with the data collected by the groups who walked the other three transects. We entered the number of houses per each sample point onto a spreadsheet and used this to compile a bar chart for each transects housing count, using different colours for each transect. By drawing four centimetre squares (200m according to scale) for the four housing areas and counting the number of houses which I multiplied by 25 to provide the number of houses in a square kilometre and recording the numbers in he boxes on the map I could see which areas contained the highest density of housing. ...read more.

Conclusion

According to my pie charts pre 1914 housing types count for the majority of housing in the first 400metres of Hebburn (see Pie Charts 2 to 3) This agrees with my hypothesis, that the housing age increases as you move towards the town centre and that the highest percentages of modern houses are on the outskirts of Hebburn (See Pie Chart 8) The pie charts do agree with my hypothesis however it should be noted that I only took into account the types of houses that were on sale and this does not count for the majority of housing in Hebburn. Can traditional heavy industry be found along rivers and railways? Can Modern light industry be found where there is good access by road on the edge of the settlement? From looking at my map, which shows me the large areas of traditional heavy industry, and my photographs I can see that my hypothesis is correct. On my map you can clearly see that the large areas of purple, which depict heavy industry are situated close to the river and railway lines. My photographs also show this (See Photographic Records) For example, you can see that I have taken a photograph of Hawthorn Leslie, which is a traditional ship building industry and situated close to the river Tyne. From looking at my photographs I can see that my second industry hypothesis is also true. You can see that all of the modern industry has been built near to good road and rail links (See Photographic Record) I have not marked my modern industry onto my map because in most cases it cannot be shown on the map as proving my hypothesis true modern light industry is found outside the CBD on the outskirts of Hebburn. Final Conclusion In answer to the question Do the land use patterns in Hebburn correspond with the Urban Models of Burgess and Hoyt? My study has shown that Hebburn exhibits one or more characteristics of the models, however is not an exact fit. 11 2 ...read more.

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