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How to reduce traffic congestion

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´╗┐How to reduce road traffic congestion In order to reduce traffic congestion, one of the solutions is to adjust the transportation system, this can be done by increasing the supply, in this case the supply is the number of roads or road capacity. Ways which affect supply that can reduce road traffic congestion include: Increasing capacity at bottlenecks This can help reduce traffic congestion as road construction especially on motorways and other major roads can cause one or more lanes unusable thus creating the bottleneck effect which causes traffic congestion. Adding more lanes will increase the capacity however at the expense of safety lanes and hard shoulders and or by removing local obstacles such as widening tunnels or bridge supports. ...read more.


This is another good way of reducing road traffic as it will discourage people from entering them as they do not want to be charged. As it discourage people, they will be forced to seek out and find new alternative routes thus keeping fewer cars out of the busiest areas, this can also encourage people to use other means of transport such as buses. Reducing demand is another way to reduce road traffic congestion where the demand is the number of traffic in the area. Park and Ride schemes and Car Share Park and ride schemes are when people park their vehicles in a dedicated car park for use of public transportation; this is a good way to reduce traffic due to a bus being capable of transporting a large number of people which reduces the number of vehicles on the road significantly if it is used effectively. ...read more.


This also frees up parking space if the employees all work in the same company or area. This can prove to be effective when along with congestion charges as the charges can be split amongst the people using the car share. Bypasses Retail parks and industrial estates which are commonly found in large towns and cities which need to be accessed by many cars and lorries. Bypasses allow large heavy vehicles such as lorries to be able to travel to these areas without causing a disrupting in traffic as they can create moving bottlenecks which causes congestion and slows down traffic flow. If more bypasses are built this reduces slow moving traffic as well as being beneficial to the environment due to traffic reaching their destinations quicker. ...read more.

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