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Human Development Index Evaluation

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25 September HDI Assignment Development is the process by which a country improves its standards of living over time, and what a country does to enhance the lives of its population. Several Indicators are used to measure Development across Economic, Environmental and Social indicators. Economic Indicators include GDP per Capita, and as the Economy grows, so do jobs and development. Social Indicators include access to clean water. Indicators also rise with each other, as shown in Figure A below, where the UK?s Life Expectancy Grows at the same time as its GDP per Capita grows. Also, different countries in the same region develop at a relatively similar rate, such as the example in Figure B, where France and Britain?s life expectancy and GDP per Capita rise at a similar steady rate. All in all, Development is the ability of a country?s people to live happy, long, healthy lives; it is not just a country?s income. In the study of Development, Geographers also study patterns in Countries? Development. ...read more.


A composite indicator such as the HDI gives a much more balanced idea of development. However, one problem with it is that it takes each country in general; however, certain countries can have very different levels of development within it in several areas or ethnic groups. Another problem is that it isn?t gender specific. In certain countries, women might have a much worse Standard of Living than the men in the same country. Despite this, the HDI is still a better indicator of development than just a single indicator. In summary, the reason we use it so often is because it uses the most important figures from all aspects of development into one figure that hides odd extremes and makes it easier to compare different countries? development levels. In terms of a comparison between two different countries, I chose Rwanda and Portugal. This is because my old school has a sister school in Rwanda, so I?m interested in its level of development. Portugal is the foreign country that I?ve been to the most. ...read more.


Figures that I didn?t include in the charts above include Child Mortality, which is just as significant. Rwanda has the 9th highest Child Mortality Rate in the world, with 181 of every 1000 children dying before the age of 5. On a Physical side, Rwanda is hard to access, being a very elevated and mountainous country, in fact, it?s known as ?the land of a thousand hills? by some. This might have had an effect on health care and food being able to reach its people, which may be why the Child Mortality rate and Life Expectancy are so low in Rwanda. Figures from Portugal and Rwanda prove the link between Development and Education, Quality of Health Care and Income. The Adult Literacy Rates of the two countries reflect on the HDI Ranks, with Portugal, the more Developed Country, having a higher rate than Rwanda, the less Developed Country. The Life Expectancy also proves the link between the two, with Portugal having a much higher life expectancy than Rwanda. Jobs and Income are also linked with the GDP per Capita being much, much higher in Portugal. This is evidence for the several different aspects of development being linked. Sources: 1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_Human_Development_Index 2. http://hdrstats.undp.org/en/countries/country_fact_sheets/cty_fs_RWA.html 3. http://hdrstats.undp.org/en/countries/country_fact_sheets/cty_fs_PRT.html ...read more.

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