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China's One Child Policy Ks3 Yr 9 Geography Assessment Marked 7c

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Introduction

I n 1979, three years after Chairman Mao's death, China introduced what would become one of the most controversial policies ever to pass through a modern government: the 1 child policy. This was a policy designed to help control China's rapidly increasing population. It encouraged families to have only 1 child and gave benefits for those who abided by this and imposed penalties for those who did not. During the 1940s all residents of China were encouraged to have large families which would be used to fuel the army and for use in agriculture and food production. When Mao took power in 1949 he too was for a large population within China and shortly after taking power he declared: "of all things in the world, people are the most important". He would then go on to condemn the use of birth control, eventually banning it, as he said it was a capitalist plot being used to weaken the country leaving it vulnerable to attack. He used this growing population to support his "human wave" defence policy as he was currently fearing attack from the US and Soviet Union. ...read more.

Middle

If their attempts are unsuccessful then community "units" are called into the husband's and wife's work place to pressure the couple, sometimes by reducing wages, taking away bonuses or threatening unemployment. Community units are also called in if a couple is thinking about getting divorced as divorce would mean that both parents could have another child with a second husband or wife. If the mother becomes pregnant then they can be forced to have an abortion or be sterilised after they have given birth. If a second child is born though then they may be denied a birth certificate and proper documentation. Without the correct papers they cannot attend school, find work as adults or do practically anything legally. Despite Family Planning officials being able to order abortions and sterilisations they do not have the right to seize children. However, this started to become a common occurrence with Family Planning officials taking second or third children away from their homes (sometimes without the parents even knowing).Even though it is illegal the officials will often make out that they have the authority to do so, there have been cases of officials forcing barely literate parents to sign away their children without realising it. ...read more.

Conclusion

This suggests that the Chinese government is more concerned about too few births as opposed to too many. These claims are supported by a survey which was carried out in Shanghai in 2004. It found that 80 percent of the young people interviewed preferred to have just one child and 5 percent didn't want any children at all. Yet, many mothers still feel that only children suffer from loneliness and have a tendency to become spoiled. My opinion on China's future is that they should continue with their policy (as it has obviously been a success so far) but that they should continue to relax the laws and punishments. I also believe that, as population could become a serious issue for other countries in the near future, that they should consider introducing similar policies. In conclusion I feel that, despite not always being correctly enforced, the thinking and logic behind the one child policy is correct. I believe it has helped develop China both economically and socially. However, after the way that some individuals have been treated by the enforcement of the policy I feel that the Government might have lost a fair amount of support from its people. Crediting Sources: www.china.org.ch, www.worldbank.org, http://factsand details.com, www.wikipedia.com, www.bbcnews.co.uk. ?? ?? ?? ?? By Fred Warren Chinas ONE Child Policy....... Continued ...read more.

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Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

5 star(s)

Overall rating: 5 out of 5 stars.
A very well structured report, very clearly written.
Good use of statistics and some quotes to provide detail and evidence for statements.
Detailed knowldedge and understanding of the policy economically, politically and socially.
Could also add info on the pressure applied to many only children in terms of education and achievement - China is well known for some of its harsh systems, eg. sports training, long school hours.

Marked by teacher Katie Price 15/05/2013

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