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Hydro-Electric Power

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Introduction

Hydro-Electric Power By Daniel Goode HEP (Hydro-electric power) is a form of generating electricity that uses the gravitational and kinetic force of falling or flowing water to produce energy. It is the most widely used form of renewable energy (energy that will not run out eventually). HEP produces no direct waste once a hydroelectric complex has been built and releases very low amounts of greenhouse gases in comparison with the use of fossil fuels to provide energy. Although the temperature and climate varies greatly depending on location and altitude (amongst other factors), the Andes mountain range is a perfect candidate for hydro-electric power. ...read more.

Middle

The power from the water flow of the mountain rivers is harnessed by locally constructed micro hydro systems. These systems collect the water by an inlet high up in the mountains, filter the stones and grit from the water and then pass them through a powerhouse where their energy is converted into electricity by a generator. This is an effective and easy method of generating electricity for Andean villages. The introduction of widespread electricity in villages allows increases in medical technology such as the ability to keep vaccines safe, the founding of businesses reliant on electricity and a more easily available internet for global communications and education. ...read more.

Conclusion

It has a total of 32 main generators with two smaller ones, and six under construction. Since its construction, the dam has covered a third of its costs and produced over 350 TWh of electricity. The dam itself is a controversial topic; it reduces the potential for floods but has displaced a record 1.3 million people in architectural and cultural sites and increases the risk of landslides in the area. The reservoir behind the dam was already polluted in 2006. It has flooded 13 cities, 140 towns and 1,350 villages. However it is a landmark in the history of China and has proved to be a great economical benefit and a big step towards becoming more environmentally friendly. ...read more.

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