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I have been set a task to investigate the comparision between Bath's CBD (central business district) in present day to it's state in 1994.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

I have been set a task to investigate the comparision between Bath's CBD (central business district) in present day to it's state in 1994. On the 28th June 2002 I visited Bath to study the environmentle quality, traffic congestion and problems and the land use of the city. "An investigation into how land use and shop types have changed over time in Bath's CBD". Bath has a population of around 80,000. It is world heritage city nd recieves over 2,000,000 tourists a year. It is also an important regional shopping area and serves a large area around it. It is a wealhty city, with house prices considerbly above the national average and a high proportion of 'professional' and high earning indiviuals. Bath has much history surrounding it, and the Roman's aspect is one that attracts many visitors. The Roman baths are one of the top historical monuments in the UK, attracting over 890,000 visitors a year. Over time Bath's CBD has changed- the types of shops have changed; more people live in the central area; traffic problems have worsened and there have been some minor alterations in the layout and envrionment of the CBD. Before visiting Bath I shall research and collect information concerning the layout of not only Bath but cities in general. This will help me to understand and plan my investigation of the CBD. RESEARCH: The centre of a town of city is called CBD, the Central Business District. The centre is constantly changing, and how the changes are managed has an important impact on our lives. Most towns and city centres are experiencing some social, economic or environmental problems. Cities in the UK rapidly grew as industry developed from the late 18th century. The type of industry that developed affects what they are like now. In 1757 manchester had a ppopulation of 17100 bu the cotton industry ws growing therefore the town grew- too quickly. ...read more.

Middle

Success has been shown in the new Park and Rides that have been built in certain areas. These rides are able to take people to a varriety of destinations, at a relatively cheap price. Not only does it encourage people to come to the city but it also cuts down on the amount of traffic congestion in the CBD, which has been a big problem in recenty years. I have included a graph displaying the amount of increase in car owners, it is a well known fact that more and more people are willing to drive themselves into the city, reluctant to use the poor public transport system that is in place. This park and ride system is a encouraging development for Bath. The congestion sometimes puts off people coming to a city, this improvement will encourage an increase in tourists resulting in an increase in Bath's already established retail system. Traffic entering the centre has also decreased, cutting down on the pollution which builds up around congested areas. Business suffers because of the fact that less office workers are willing to sit in hours of queques in the morning rush hour, employees are setting out earlier and earlier in hope to beat the queques but infact this is causing the rush "hour" to increase over a further stretch of time. Most of the Park and Ride's that have been developed are situated on the outskirts, away from where congestion can take place. Perhaps a slight problem that cities may be faced with is the fact that more and more offices are being built further away from the centre to allow travelling times to be cut down. This could cause a further development in satelitte towns around Bath, reducing retail developments and encouraging an increase in the larger shopping centres (eg; the mall at cribbs causeway). Pedestrinisation-taking traffic away from the CBD All cities have experienced a system of pedestrinisation as another method of an attempted decrease in congestion. ...read more.

Conclusion

I recorded all the data collected in that 5minute period and moved on, recording data at every 50 metre point. 6. My investigation finished at the 500 metre point ( Sydney Place), at this point nd turned around and followed the same route back to my starting point. On return from Bath: 7. I analsyed that data I had colleted and produced graphs to display this. Task 3: Before leaving for Bath: 1. When I was first set the task I organised myself into a group of two others and began to plan that data collection method I would use. I was told I would be collecting data fromTransect 1. 2. I decided that I would walk along the transect (which stood at 500metres long) stopping every 50 metres to observe the quality of the area around me. I am going to use a method of recording a "scale" of 0-10; 0 being none/poor condition and 10 being a lot/very good condition. I decided to put this data into table with the following headings: * Distance along the transect? * Types of pollution in the area ( with the sections, noise, litter, quality of buildings, vandalism and natural environment.) Bath: the investigation 3. Once again I started at the centre point of the CBD, because the nature of the task required accuracy where I am investigating "environmental quality from the CBD to the edge of the city". 4. I walked 50 metres to my first point of data collecton. At this point I decided to add another method of data collection to my investigation: I used cellotape, sticking it onto a nearby building, when the cellotape was pulled away grime and pollution would be left on the cellotape. This helped me as another method to asess quality of buildings, this was repeated at every 50 metre point. 5. After filling in my table and asessing the transect I followed the same route back to my starting point. On return from Bath: 6. I analsyed that data I had colleted and produced graphs to display indivivual sections on my table . ...read more.

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