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In what ways are the effects of drought different in MEDCs and LEDCs?

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Introduction

?In what ways are the effects of drought different in MEDCs and LEDCs?? Today we live in a society where water is plentiful: we know that if we want water the garden or wash the dishes it is only a ?turn of a tap? away. However, when we suddenly find ourselves in a drought, only then do we realise just how much we use it and how it is imperative for basic living. It is an odd phenomenon that you only realise how much you relied on something when it is gone. The definition of a drought is a long, continuous period of dry weather. They usually occur where the land is most arid, which tends to be along the tropics. This is why droughts are a huge problem in Africa, for it is effected by both of the tropics. ...read more.

Middle

to wash the car. However in LEDCs, the effects are much more serious. Countries in Africa have been very greatly effected by droughts. Because they rely on primary sources of industry (a main industry from this sector is farming) that means that there whole livelihoods are affected because if they cannot grow any crops and that means they do not earn any money. The long period of drought causes the water supplies to dry up. Due to this the vegetation slowly dies off. The tree roots which retain moisture in the soil stop doing this and in turn, the water left in the ground dries up. The animals then die off having no water to drink and no food to eat. When it does eventually rain, the ground is so dry that it doesn?t soak into the ground, which then causes floods. ...read more.

Conclusion

The lack of vegetation has meant the animals have had to eat the leaves from the trees. These leave the ground with no shade and so all of the vegetation underneath die off. The trees also slowly die off, these trees usually retain some moisture so with out them the ground is drying up even quicker. The soil is then left open to the wind, the wind blows the top soil away and creates desert, when it eventually does rain the top soil is just washed away. The soil that is left behind is worked for the crops that it can produce, the only problem is that the soil eventually becomes over worked and turns into desert. Due to Global Warming, the Earth?s surface is warming up. This could mean that we experience more and more droughts. So therefore, maybe we should prepare now by creating extra reservoirs, so we do not feel the full effects of droughts which are destined to happen. ...read more.

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