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Investigate and evaluate the effect of tourism in the seaside towns of Cromer and Southend-on-Sea.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Introduction Tourism is the world's fastest growing industry. Every country in the world is putting significant amounts of money into tourism. It increases the amount of income coming into the area. IT means there will be better Facilities, such as shops, transport etc... Employment rises. Roads are better looked after, and the economy becomes greater. Yet tourism also has its disadvantages. It produces more litter in the initial and surrounding areas. It creates a lot of pollution from transport and manufacturing of goods. It can make an area overcrowded and it can also encourage crime. Aim: To investigate and evaluate the effect of tourism in the seaside towns of Cromer and Southend-on-Sea. Hypothesis: 1. Tourism increases the amount of litter in commercial areas 2. Tourism increases the amount of car congestion 3. Commercial areas will be more populated than residential areas 4. There would be more older aged tourists than middle aged tourists 5. Tourism will be writhe near amusements or entertainment 6. There will be more retail near the coast than inland 7. Residents will feel tourism is good for the economy I will prove these hypotheses correct or incorrect by using the data I have collected and presented. I will look at the data and I will check the results to see if there is a lot of litter in a certain area for example. The information I have gathered will help me understand why my hypotheses are correct or incorrect. History of Southend: Prittlewell was the original settlement from which the borough of Southend grew. In 1892 the town achieved the status of a Borough and formed its first Town Council. Further expansion occurred in 1913 when the fishing village of Leigh - famous now for its seafood and attractive conservation area - became part of the borough, and in 1914 Southend was granted the status of a County Borough. The northern bank of the Thames upon which Southend-on-Sea is located (see Fig 1) has been populated from distant times. ...read more.

Middle

The answers we received would show us what people come to Cromer for. If people come for leisure or sight seeing then it is more than likely they've come to Cromer on a holiday. We also asked residents and tourists how they rate Cromer as a tourist destination. This shows what people think of Cromer as a tourist destination. When people rate Cromer as good tourist destination we can look at their age and see if they are elderly, middle aged or younger. This will show us what age group find Cromer the best tourist destination. We then asked the volunteers if they have visited a certain place in the town, such as the museum, pier, beach or amusement arcades. This helps us determine the main attractions in the town, which helps us determine the main audience of the council. Thus letting we see who visits the town. The next Question was asking what the volunteer's weather they thought tourism had a positive or negative impact on Cromer. This would help us to understand how people feel towards tourism, and weather they feel it is a good thing or a bad thing. This would also show us how residents and visitors to the town feel differently towards tourism. Next we asked the volunteers if they feel the town needs any more facilities such as, shops, better transport, more parking, or better nightlife. This will give us an insight into what the tourists and residents feel the town needs. If the volunteer was a resident then we finally asked them how long they have been living in the town this will help us see what year the town was most visited or when people bought houses here because people will have been living their for a similar amount of years. If the volunteer was a visitor then we finally asked them if they would consider coming back to the town. ...read more.

Conclusion

Picture 3 shows the state of repair on one of the residential roads of Cromer (Louden road). The road is in quite good state of repair, however the path is narrow and it does look uneven and worn. The road itself also looks worn and in need of a patch up. How did you travel here? Car: Bus Train Coach Bicycle On foot Other No. of people 18 7 5 3 1 2 0 Graph 7 shows the results from a question in our questionnaire. It shows what mode of transport was taken by the people we asked in our questionnaire. It shows that most people (18) travelled by car to the towns. This could show that the public transport in the two towns is not very good; this is shown by the lack of people using the public transport. The amount of people travelling to the town would increase because they would have a more pleasant journey to the town. People travelling to Southend usually travel using train as the road access to the town is poor. The trains they have to travel in (picture 4) are not very spacious so people are cramped. The facilities on board are also poor as there are not very often toilets on the trains. Refreshments can not be bought on the trains either. The trains are also dirty and are not cleaned very often. This makes the journey to Southend very unpleasant so people don't take the train to Southend very often unless they have to. This often leads to traffic congestion as the road access is poor but people don't want to take the train as they are unpleasant to travel on. So people take their cars. This traffic congestion leads to pollution making the town unpleasant to visit this would reduce the amount of people travelling to the town. ?? ?? ?? ?? Thomas Southcott page 1/18 Geography Coursework ...read more.

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