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Investigate aspects of the Central Business District (CBD) of Cambridge.

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Introduction

Introduction Overall Aim: To investigate aspects of the Central Business District (CBD) of Cambridge. Origins of Cambridge: Where the dense forests to the south and marshy Fens to the north met, was the lowest dependable fording position of the River Cam, or Granta. In the first century BC an Iron Age Belgic tribe settled there (now Castle Hill). In about AD40 the Romans took over the site and made it the crossing point for the Via Devana which linked Colchester with the legions in Lincoln and further. The Saxons followed, then the Normans under William the Conqueror, who constructed a castle on a steep mound as a base for fighting the Saxon rebel, Hereward the Wake, deep in the Fens at Ely. The motte of William's castle still stands and Ely Cathedral is visible from the top. Fig 1: Situation map of Cambridge (north of London) Growth of Cambridge: Cambridge is no longer a sleepy university and market town, which is the regional capital of East Anglia. It is now a lively city of over 100,000 people and a modern industrial centre, with many science parks. The Central Business District (the commercial centre containing many shops and offices) of Cambridge has also grown, mainly due to the many universities located in the area and also due to more tourism. It is also very accessible with the M11 passing through Cambridge and good rail links with the rest of the country. ...read more.

Middle

Surrounding this area were sites where only up to 50 people were counted in the pedestrian count. The reason why the number of pedestrians seen at site 30 was so high was because there was a shopping area there (Grafton Shopping centre). Also on the isoline map the contours are not completely round, but usually oval. This is because there are many colleges in the area. The students walk around areas where there would not be very high pedestrian counts (as there are very few shops in the area so less people will be seen there). The spearman's rank and scattergraph show that there is a quite strong negative correlation between the number of pedestrians and distance from the CBD. This agrees with the hypothesis, but not completely even though the majority of points indicate there are less pedestrians further from the CBD. The scattergraph shows the clear anomaly at Site 30, as well (the point is isolated far away from all the others). Conclusion: The evidence from the data analysis seems to show that the hypothesis is correct, but not completely. The isoline map shows that mainly pedestrian density decreased with distance from the CBD, however shows some major anomalies. The Spearman's Rank Correlation shows that although there is a negative correlation it is not strong enough to prove the hypothesis. ...read more.

Conclusion

Method: The 41 people on the trip were split into group of about 4/5 people. Each group was given a different transect. Along each transect, every 50 paces, the land use (the ground floor function) was estimated. We used the following classifications: R=Residential i.e - flats, houses I=Industrial i.e - factories, building works C=Commercial i.e - shops, warehouses, market, travel agent, petrol, car sales, garage, antiques E =Entertainment i.e - hotel, sports centre, theatre, cinema, museum, pub, club, caf´┐Ż, art gallery P= Public buildings i.e - education, health, GPO, local government, church, police, job centre O=Open space i.e-farmland, park, derelict building, sports field, cemetery, unused land, water T=Transport i.e- railway, bus station, airport, car park, S=Services i.e- bank, building society, doctor, dentist, optician, vet, solicitor, estate agent, architect Conclusion: The hypothesis was proved completely incorrect with my results. No offices and industrial areas were found on my transect at all. There was only one residential sample as well. Therefore we saw no change from Commercial to Industrial and Residential. However there were many Public buildings (colleges), so we saw a change of Commercial to Public buildings. Further away from the CBD we saw a change of Public buildings to Open space (fields). I doubt this hypothesis would have been proved correct on any transect as there are so many colleges in Cambridge, especially around the CBD. The colleges were the main part of my transect so we only had a few classifications (6 in all - C, P, E, S, O and R). ...read more.

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