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Is Dungannon at the higher end of the settlement hierarchy than Coalisland?

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Introduction

Is Dungannon at the higher end of the settlement hierarchy than Coalisland? Introduction For my geography coursework I am going to compare two towns. The two towns in which I will compare are Dungannon and Coalisland which are based in Northern Ireland. The reason as to why I am comparing these two towns is that they are in my local area. The purpose of my coursework is to find out which settlement would be higher up the settlement hierarchy. I plan to find out if Dungannon is overall a most important settlement than Coalisland. To do this I will investigate Dungannon and Coalisland by using a series of hypothesis. The settlement hierarchy is the placing of settlements in order of importance. Three ways in which find the importance of a town are: * Population size * Shops and Services * Sphere of Influence There are many other ways in which you can use to find the importance of a town and I plan to investigate them by using my hypothesis. Coalisland Coalisland is a mall town in County Tyrone in Northern Ireland. It has a population size of 4917 people (in the 2001 census). The name of this town suggests that it was involved with the coal industry. This is indeed true as Coalisland had its very own coal industry as it was formerly a centre for coal mining. Coalisland was also very well known for its coalfields. Coalisland was served by a canal. It was built in 1733 and opened in 1787. The canal was mainly used to transport the goods made in Coalisland to nearby coal pits. Many goods such as clay pipes, coal and corn were produced in Coalisland. These goods were then transported to many places such as Dublin, Newry, Belfast and Lisburn. The canal became a trading depot for those who lived nearby. Coalisland had influenced many people to come and trade in it as it was doing so well within in its industries and as large quantities of general merchandise could be imported and exported with ease. ...read more.

Middle

Some of the information which we need was as follows: * Area size of each town. * The distances people travelled to a shop. * If the people came to buy high order or low order goods. * Where the people lived and shopped in each of the towns. * The population figures for each town. * The method in which the people travelled. * How often people shopped for high order and low order goods. There was two main way in which I needed to collect the necessary information. The first main way was from primary sources. This is just were you personally, collect the information you need yourself in each town. The second main way was from secondary sources. This is just information you get like on the internet, which has been already collected for you. This kind of information is as what you can say as 'second-hand' information. You can get more secondary information from libraries, local newspapers, local council, tourist information, the population census for Northern Ireland and so on. In order to gather the primary information our class decided on making a questionnaire for each of the towns. We also decided on carrying out a survey of the number of shops and services found in each of the towns. The questions are as follows: 1. What is the name of the town or village where you live? This question is asked to help us find out the towns sphere of influence. Less than 1 mile 1-2 miles 2-5 miles More than 5 miles 2. How far did you travel to come here? This was asked in our survey to help us calculate the actual sphere of influence of each of the towns telling us how far people are willing to ravel to a town for some low order goods such as bread and milk and also high order goods like furniture and clothes. ...read more.

Conclusion

The next step was to measure the area. To do this I got tracing paper and put it over the maps, I traced the boundary line and then placed it over a page with grid squares. After that I had to count the number of squares inside each of the boundary lines of each town. Using the scale on each map I was able to easily work out the area of each town centre. There calculations are given in the following tables. Results for Coalisland Town Centre Results of Dungannon Town Centre Scale - 1.5cm = 30metres Map scale = 3cm to 100m Each square = 100 x 100 = 10,000m2 Total squares = 48 full 20 half (i.e. 10 full squares) = 48 + 10 = 58 squares Area = 58 x 10,000m2 Area of Dungannon Town = 580,000m2 Centre Total Squares = 168 full and 40 half. = 40/2 = 20 full squares = 168 + 20 = 188 full squares = 188 x 900m2 = 169,200m2 Area of Coalisland Town = 169,200m2 Centre Each square = 30m x 30m = 900m2 Summary Table Town Area in m2 Dungannon 580,000 m2 Coalisland 169,200 m2 Interpretation of my results As you can see by observation Dungannon has a larger area than Coalisland. My bar chart also tells you that Dungannon has even more than twice the area of Coalisland. The reason as to why Dungannon has a larger area than Coalisland is that it has a larger population. Dungannon has a population of 11,139 people and Coalisland has a population of 4,917 people. With Dungannon having such a large population of 11,139 people, it would have to have a very large surface area to serve its people. This are would include places for car parks, housing, shops and other services which help to provide the towns people with what they may need. This is exactly what I had expected and therefore it proved my hypothesis "Dungannon has a larger surface area and population than Coalisland" right. ...read more.

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