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Kalah Reni - A New City for Cambodia

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Introduction

Planning a City for an LEDC - Cambodia 5th Form Summer Geography Exam 06/06 I've spent a long time choosing which country to use as a base for this project, and have chosen Cambodia. Well... in fact, my choice was pretty random. My atlas, for unknown reasons, was missing several pages, effectively knocking three countries off my list. I started looking for Cameroon in the atlas, but found Cambodia first. And there started my investigation. Cambodia was a lucky find. I, before this project, knew no more of it than that it was a small state in the USA. Which is not entirely true. It is actually a country in south west Asia, successor to a huge empire which once spanned the entire Indochina peninsula: The Khmer Empire of Angkor. This empire was founded by Jayavarman II in 889AD, who, along with his successors Suryavarman I and II, conquered the areas which are now Thailand, Vietnam, Myanmar, India and some of China and Indonesia. They also spread Hinduism through the area and built irrigation systems, canals and road networks. Suryavarman II built the city and huge Hindu temple of Angkor Wat, which exists today and is the focus of worldwide pilgrimages. After decades of peace the throne was usurped and the country invaded. After a ten year war Jayavarman VII liberated and healed the country. He was a Buddhist and extended the temple of Angkor Wat. But after the crushing attack of the Thai Kingdom of Ayutthaya, the Empire was never the same. Khmer lands were fought over for 250 years, but the Khmer rulers never returned to their former glory. ...read more.

Middle

Hotels and luxury housing will be built along its bank to take full advantage of the picturesque reservoir/mountainous landscape. To draw more visitors to the area a string of activity centres will provide sailing, diving and mountain walks. The traditional water and rowing festival of Bonn Om Teuk will be celebrated here. The other reservoir will be the main source of water. Two different schemes will bring fill it - one in the south and one in the north. When the Tonle Sap floods in the monsoon season the huge amount of water that is not used by the nearby rice fields and causes dangerous flooding downstream will be channelled into a hydro-electric power plant (where the Tonle Sap flows into the Tonle Sab) then piped to the reservoir up north. The second scheme will be another river up in the mountains east of the capital which will be diverted to the basin. These mountains are very steep so the driving force will be perfect for another HEP plant. I have shown two ways of bringing electricity to the city using water, but the last is using another natural force abundant in Cambodia - the sun. On the huge plain north of the city in between the Sto�ng Sr�ng and Sto�ng S�n I will build a solar power plant. SP plants are controversial issues worldwide - while many people champion SP as an environmentally friendly way of banking electricity, others insist that they are inefficient and an eyesore. I am one of the former. While I accept that in countries like Great Britain SP is near useless, it is the perfect solution for Cambodia. ...read more.

Conclusion

it is normally the hardest part of the settlers' work.- Emergency Services Good emergency services are absolutely vital for the success of the capital of a developing country. Rio de Janeiro, for example, has allowed crime to thrive for too long, and the city has a world reputation for danger. Walking on the streets after dusk is suicidal and even in broad daylight wearing a watch in public will get you mugged. Police, hospitals, ambulances and fire fighters will be completely funded by the government. Police, doctors, nurses and firemen will, as I have previously said, be trained in other cities, prepared for a smooth changeover. I have said that hospital will be state funded, but like with schools, private hospitals will be invited to take root in the new capital. Education Literacy levels are not high in Cambodia, so the whole concept of it being compulsory for all children to attend school up until 16 will be strange. There will have to be advertising for teachers from abroad far in advance of the completion of the city. I hope that by the time the city is finished, foreign teachers will have trained enough qualified men and women to fully staff the state schools and universities. There will be the opportunity for private schools and universities to enter the capital as well. By the time the city is finished, the education system will be put in place in K�l�h R�ni, and will hopefully spread to other cities. Once it has begun to evolve, K�l�h R�ni will be a beacon throughout the east. It will show that if a country that has gone through the problems Cambodia has can persevere and recover, any country can. ...read more.

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