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Kashmir Earthquake

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Introduction

- 1 - On the 8th October 2005 at 9:20 Local time an earthquake occurred in Kashmir in India/Pakistan. This was a result of a collision between the Indian and the Eurasian plate. There were 80,000 deaths in Northern Pakistan and North-west India in total. This earthquake spread 1000 kilometres from the epicentre. There were 80,000 deaths after the final count, leaving others injured and many homeless. For several days roads were blocked and traffic could not flow. In total 3.3million people were affected by this earthquake. Then adding to that there were sewage and electricity blockages. In the country of Pakistan there wasn't enough money for repairs or to support the homeless. Many Jobs were lost now because company buildings had been destroyed, this meant that there was no income for many families. This then led to starvation as the families had no income. Businesses were completely crushed like the current recession. There were many losses in families due to being crushed or starving, this then meant that people would keep to themselves and not be outgoing and support others. ...read more.

Middle

The more compact Philippines Plate was disappearing beneath the lighter Eurasian plate and so pressure had been building up. Suddenly, the result of years of pressure was a release of force that shifted the Nojima fault, south of the Osaka Bay. This activity all occurred only 16 miles below the earth's surface. The fault cut through the north side of Awaji Island, the epicentre of the earthquake, and crossed the bay directly below the city of Kobe. Kobe is 20km from Awaji Island and so seismic waves where given the opportunity to increase in speed, hence causing greater destruction. A decade of repair for the city of Kobe would be needed to amend the damages caused by the direct hit of the Great Hanshin quake. - 2 - In Kobe the primary effect of the Hanshin quake includes the destruction of lifelines, buildings and utilities/services. A at 5:46 a.m. the earth began to shake, sand grains within Kobe's abundant water-saturated soil began to loose contact and friction with other grains, causing liquefaction. ...read more.

Conclusion

Those that did survive the quake were freezing because there was no gas for heat. Also they were thirsty and starving due to the lack of food/water being circulated. The people of Kobe had lost more in 20 seconds than most people lose in a lifetime. Yet, they surprisingly remained quiet and stoic. The majority of people did not yell or become hysterical, but rather utter words like, "Shoganai" meaning it cannot be helped. An elderly man sitting in front of his shattered house with a flask in his hand said, "Everything is gone, what can I do except sip sake and smile? In Conclusion I think that it is harder for a LEDC than a MEDC to overcome/survive an earthquake because with the Kobe earthquake there were less deaths and less left homeless because there was money for repairs and shelter. But in Pakistan they did not have enough money so they had to wait for aid from charities and other nations. This meant many more were left homeless with no jobs and ended up starving. Also in Japan the buildings were built properly so that they didn't fall over in the earthquake. This was not the case in Pakistan. ...read more.

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