Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3

Kobe and Haiti earthquake had many differences between the primary effects because in Haiti, 230,000 people died and in Kobe, only 6,434 people died, due to the face that Haiti is an LEDC

Extracts from this essay...

Introduction

Earthquake from space MEDC is an abbreviation for More Economically Developed Country so examples are France, Germany, Italy, the USA, so these are the rich countries. LEDC is diminutive for Lower Economically Developed Country. Examples of LEDCs are Zimbabwe, India, Bangladesh, but here there are also many more to mention. Earthquakes occur along two tectonic plate margins (where plates meet). When plates move past, towards or away from each other the movement is not smooth. Friction causes the plates to be stuck. This causes pressure to build up. Earthquakes occur when this build up of pressure is released. The point where the earthquake starts is called the focus. Energy waves race rapidly from this point. The point at ground level, directly above the focus, is called the epicentre. On Tuesday 12 January 2010 at 16:53, a huge earthquake, registering a magnitude of 7.0 on the Richter scale, struck the Caribbean island nation of Haiti. Haiti has a history of destructive earthquakes but this was the worst in 200 years. The epicentre was near Léogâne, 25 km west of Haiti's capital, Port-au-Prince. By 24 January, at least 52 aftershocks measuring 4.5 or greater on the Richter scale had been recorded. The US Geological Survey estimates that 3.5 million people lived in the area where 'moderate to heavy' damage occurred.

Middle

2 million homes had no electricity. 1 million homes without water for 10 days. The fires engulfed parts of the city dowering wooden structures damaged roads and the water supply attempted to extinguish them, impossible. The damage caused was an excess of 220 billion dollars and the economy suffered. Immediate responses: The short term or immediate responses for Kobe and Haiti were mostly similar. Aid was sent to both the countries to help the people who suffered and were injured in the earthquake. At Kobe, hospitals struggled to cope with the injured, treating people and operating corridors, whereas, Haiti did not have any hospitals to treat the people who were anguish with pain. In Haiti, the USA sent out 10,000 troops to help dig out the survivors beneath all the fallen buildings and houses. Haiti also had charities like Oxfam send out food to them, although Kobe were still able to provide the sufferers food and water. Different charities and countries raised money and sent help with the recovery, for example, George Clooney organised a TV charity night to help raise money for the poor and who weren't able to afford money to buy food and water.. The Chinese team had followed and so did many other teams to help the Haitians. Iceland has sent aid in 24 hours to Haiti.

Conclusion

Where conditions are much warmer, this can facilitate more rapid decay of bodies and lead to an increase in the spread of disease following a quake, particularly in areas where access to clean water is poor. 4. Population Density An area of dense population is likely to experience more deaths than a rural area simply due to a greater likelihood of people being affected by the quake and more buildings, road networks and bridges, which may collapse. A major difficulty however in earthquakes, which occur in rural areas, is getting rescue teams and aid to the affected areas. 5. Land that buildings are constructed on Where buildings are constructed on soft granular sediments or areas of landfill, the effects of an earthquake maybe more severe due to the process of liquefaction. This process, which results in ground failure, occurs when ground shaking causes water to rise, filling pore spaces between granular sediments, increasing pore water pressure and causing the sediment to act as a fluid rather than a solid. This can result in the collapse of overlying buildings, roads etc. The earthquakes be at variance in many altered ways because it depends on whether the country is an LEDC or MEDC. Even today, Haiti is suffering because it's an LEDC, even though, Kobe had a more destructive earthquake, they don't have any more problems because it's an MEDC, which makes it the most common factor out of everything.

The above preview is unformatted text

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • Over 150,000 essays available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Over 180,000 student essays
  • Every subject and level covered
  • Thousands of essays marked by teachers
  • Over 180,000 essays
    written by students
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to write
    your own great essays

Marked by a teacher

This essay has been marked by one of our great teachers. You can read the full teachers notes when you download the essay.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review on the essay page.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review under the essay preview on this page.