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Land reclamation in the netherlands

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Report on Land Reclamation in the Netherlands To create the zuider zee they had to pump a whole distributary until it was dry. The land created was used for farming, which was incredibly useful and was put into great use. The land, which was created, was in great demand and there was in average a demand of 12 farmers per farm. THE POLDERS: Wieringermeer This was the first polder to be built as part of the Zuiderzee works. construction began in 1929 before, Afsluitdijk, the main dyke separating the North Sea from what was to become Lake IJsselmeer which was finished in 1933. Therefore the dykes of the Wieringermeer polder had to be tough enough to restrain the rough sea. ...read more.


This allows the Dutch to get something useful from the land as well as letting the soil naturally settle and become firmer for heavier usage. After some years the polders can be used for larger settlements such as towns and villages to ease the population density. For and Against Although the polders are helping the population of the Netherlands to become less dense, it requires draining all water from inside the dyke. This includes wetland areas that supply a vast amount of habitat for animals. Flood of 1953 A combination of a high spring tide and a severe European windstorm caused a storm tide. In combination with a tidal surge of the North Sea the water level locally exceeded 5.6 meters above mean sea level. ...read more.


Almere is the fastest growing city in the Netherlands, mainly because it is very close to Amsterdam. It is the largest of the polders the south-eastern part completed in 1957 and the south-western part in 1968. The municipalities on the three parts voted to become a separate province, which happened in 1986. Delta Project After the 1953 disaster, the Delta project was concieved. The delta project was a vast construction effort designed to end the threat from the sea once and for all. It was launched in 1958 and completed in 2002. The official goal of the Delta project was to reduce the risk of flooding. This was achieved by raising 3,000 kilometres (1,864 miles) of outer sea-dykes and 10,000 kilometers (6,200 miles) of inner, canal, and river dikes to "delta" height, and by closing off the sea estuaries of the Zeeland province. ...read more.

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