• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Life and Climate in the Equatorial Region

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Location: Between the Tropic of Cancer {23°26' (23.4°)}N and the Tropic of Capricorn {23°26' (23.4°)} S. Climate: The temperature of the equatorial regions is hot throughout the year, with a very low temperature range usually of less than 3 degrees Celsius. It is also a very wet climate with annual precipitation often more than 2000 mm. It is a simple climate type to identify, as the line on the climate graph is almost straight. Vegetation: These hot and wet conditions are ideal for the growth Flora. The plants of a particular region, habitat, or geological period: "the desert flora gives way to oak woodlands". ...read more.

Middle

A common type of farming was "shifting cultivation". Despite appearances, the rainforest soils are not very fertile. The heavy rainfall leaches out the important nutrients from the soil and sometimes the whole topsoil itself can be eroded by the tropical downpours. The native people realized this and so would clear an area of forest, plant crops such as manioc and cassava, and after 3 or 4 years when the soil was losing its fertility would move on to a new patch of forest, which would be cleared and cultivated. This is a sustainable style of land use as the slow growing rainforest vegetation would get a chance to re-grow. ...read more.

Conclusion

The climate of the area becomes drier with the loss of the vegetation acting as a "sponge" to hold on to the moisture. The soil runs off into rivers and lakes casing navigation problems. Both the burning of the trees and their reduced number increases the concentration of carbon dioxide. The extra carbon dioxide is believed to contribute to global warming, which in turn is blamed for the rise in sea level. Wildlife Here are many animals which are found in the equatorial region. Among the mammals, the animals include Chimpanzee, Gorilla, Tiger, Sun Bear, Pygmy Hippo, Okapi, Jaguar, Orangutan, Gibbon, Slow Loris and Porcupine. The reptiles include Caiman, Komodo dragon, Green Iguana, Alligator, Boa, Vine Snake, Crocodile and Gavial. The most notable birds and insects include Toucan, African Gray Parrot, Dragonfly and butterfly. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Physical Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Physical Geography essays

  1. The Truth about Climate Change

    Instead they only focus on the media, general public, and the policy makers, with the goal of delaying action on climate change. These skeptics have said a wide range of arguments against taking action on climate change. Some of them even contradicted each other, as you can see here, for

  2. Is There a Relationship Between Desirability and Quality of Life at Ward Level in ...

    This makes it cheaper and faster to build on. Worcester Wards Key 1. Arboretum 10. St John 2. Battenhall 11. St Peters Parish 3. Bedwardine 12. St Stephen 4. Cathedral 13. Warndon 5. Claines 14. Warndon Parish North 6. Gorse Hill 15. Warndon Parish South 7. Nunnery 8. Rainbow Hill 9.

  1. An Investigation Into Kingston Area Shopping Centres and Their Patterns of Use

    Drive, support a smaller threshold population, whereas larger shopping centres, such as Kingston, support a much larger threshold population because they stock a wide variety of high order goods, which inevitably attracts a large number of people for all different purposes.

  2. How has the flora and fauna of the rainforest adapted to their environment?

    The flora of the rainforests has also adapted to help them survive the somewhat harsh habitat of the rainforest. The plant life in the tallest layer of the forest, the emergent layer, has very wet, windy and hot conditions as it is more exposed than the layers towards the forest floor.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work