• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Life and Climate in the Equatorial Region

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Location: Between the Tropic of Cancer {23°26' (23.4°)}N and the Tropic of Capricorn {23°26' (23.4°)} S. Climate: The temperature of the equatorial regions is hot throughout the year, with a very low temperature range usually of less than 3 degrees Celsius. It is also a very wet climate with annual precipitation often more than 2000 mm. It is a simple climate type to identify, as the line on the climate graph is almost straight. Vegetation: These hot and wet conditions are ideal for the growth Flora. The plants of a particular region, habitat, or geological period: "the desert flora gives way to oak woodlands". ...read more.

Middle

A common type of farming was "shifting cultivation". Despite appearances, the rainforest soils are not very fertile. The heavy rainfall leaches out the important nutrients from the soil and sometimes the whole topsoil itself can be eroded by the tropical downpours. The native people realized this and so would clear an area of forest, plant crops such as manioc and cassava, and after 3 or 4 years when the soil was losing its fertility would move on to a new patch of forest, which would be cleared and cultivated. This is a sustainable style of land use as the slow growing rainforest vegetation would get a chance to re-grow. ...read more.

Conclusion

The climate of the area becomes drier with the loss of the vegetation acting as a "sponge" to hold on to the moisture. The soil runs off into rivers and lakes casing navigation problems. Both the burning of the trees and their reduced number increases the concentration of carbon dioxide. The extra carbon dioxide is believed to contribute to global warming, which in turn is blamed for the rise in sea level. Wildlife Here are many animals which are found in the equatorial region. Among the mammals, the animals include Chimpanzee, Gorilla, Tiger, Sun Bear, Pygmy Hippo, Okapi, Jaguar, Orangutan, Gibbon, Slow Loris and Porcupine. The reptiles include Caiman, Komodo dragon, Green Iguana, Alligator, Boa, Vine Snake, Crocodile and Gavial. The most notable birds and insects include Toucan, African Gray Parrot, Dragonfly and butterfly. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Physical Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Physical Geography essays

  1. The Truth about Climate Change

    global warming is really happening, and also that it is attributable to human activities. The climate change "skeptics" Despite the international scientific community's agreement on climate change, there is still very small number of critics that continues to deny that climate change exists or that humans are causing it.

  2. An Investigation Into Kingston Area Shopping Centres and Their Patterns of Use

    Firstly I will be writing about how the spheres of influences for the shopping centres were found, how we drew on the semi average regression lines and lastly how the Spearman Rank Correlation was also calculated from the data. Method Used to Find the Sphere of Influence Having found out

  1. Is There a Relationship Between Desirability and Quality of Life at Ward Level in ...

    areas to houses on the rural urban fringe which is perceived as being better quality and in a better environment. The houses are also larger and the area has a lower building density. The population is also rising as a result of the process of natural increase.

  2. How has the flora and fauna of the rainforest adapted to their environment?

    Competition for food and water supplies is fierce. This may explain why over millions of years of evolution so many highly adapted species have evolved in the canopy of Amazonia. Toucans and Parrots are examples of this process. The fruits and nuts from many trees have evolved with a tough shell to protect them from predators.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work