• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Mass tourism & Tourism in Jamaica case study

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Mass tourism & Tourism in Jamaica case study Mass tourism Mass tourism definition Mass tourism involves a large number of tourists coming to a particular destination. For a destination to be so popular, there must be a particular purpose or type of attraction, examples of the types of attractions mass tourism resorts offer can be physical, such as mountains, beach and climate, or cultural, such as museums, castles and restaurants. Many countries want to develop mass tourism, as it is seen to have many advantages, which outweigh the disadvantages. Figure 1: Cultural and physical pulls of Italy, in the form of restaurants, castles, mountains and beaches. These pulls encourage mass tourism. Mass tourism advantages & disadvantages Figure 2: Locals visit Blackpool pleasure beach Advantages Tourism brings jobs, with more, reliable and often larger wage. These jobs come in the form of construction workers, building infrastructure put in place for tourists or jobs in tourist services, working in restaurants, theme parks or museums etc. New infrastructure (eg: airports, hotels, theme parks) or leisure facilities (eg: swimming pools, golf courses, theme parks) put in place for tourists benefit locals. Disadvantages Activities are often seasonal, so jobs are only available to locals for part of the year, people would become unemployed and earn nothing for the rest of the year. ...read more.

Middle

The holiday industry was a very successful way for Jamaica to advertise its tourist potential internationally; the tourists most beneficial to a country are foreign. Tourism brings jobs, often with higher wages than alternatives, so redundancy is reduced, and pay is increased. Tourism brings new infrastructure, which helped to develop Jamaica, and was available for locals to use in leisure. Tourism is the country?s second biggest earner, raking in US$1.3 billion in 2001; this contributes 20% of the country?s GDP. 220,000 Jamaicans (8% of the population) work directly in the tourist sector, many more (32%) benefit from it, for example, if they produce food for visitors and hotel providers. Jamaica receives competition from Caribbean islands, which are invested in by the holiday industry. These islands take business from Jamaica. The holiday industry takes much of Jamaica?s profits from tourism, because it loaned its investments to Jamaica, and they need to be repaid. Most highly paid jobs are taken by foreign people, employed by the holiday industry; this leaves only the low-salary jobs to locals. Jamaica has little control of the direction its tourism takes, because the holiday industry is larger, richer and more powerful. ...read more.

Conclusion

The environment of Jamaica is permanently damaged by industry, and future land uses are compromised. Many international tourism companies in Jamaica do not pay the true costs and compensation for damage caused to the environment for the activities, and the companies are so rich and powerful, that the Jamaican government cannot claim tax on their profits, all in all these international take about 80% of Jamaica?s profit from tourism and the tourist?s expenditure. In conclusion, I think tourism is beneficial in the short term, as short-term advantages, such as jobs and profit outweigh short-term disadvantages, such as land and resource use. In the long term, however, I consider tourism damaging, as long-term disadvantages, such as temporary redundancy, unemployed or low-salary squatters, lack of control over direction of tourism and damage to environment, compromising land uses outweigh long-term advantages, such as development, infrastructure and services. Eco-tourism and community tourism, however are beneficial in short-term and long-term, because disadvantages, such as land and resource use and environmental damage are limited, there are also less honeypot sites, because tourists are dispersed throughout, this means there will not be communities of squatters concentrated around honeypot sites, and environmental damage and crowding concentrated in honeypot sites. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Human Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Human Geography essays

  1. Geography Tourism Coursework

    or on the high street, instead of the quieter residential areas, so residents do not notice any problems. This pie chart helps to answer the enquiry question as it shows the environmental impact of tourism because traffic has increased, therefore increasing pollution.

  2. What impact has tourism had on the people and the environment of Jamaica?

    This is because the environmental aspect of Jamaica is the main attraction for tourists and also a factor which will determine the continued success of the tourism industry ("Encyclopedia of the nations"). However, there are some negative impacts. The constant use of airplanes to transport people to and from the

  1. Leisure and Tourism + Case study: Tourism in the Seychelles

    Since Seychelles is mostly engaged in ecotourism (which promotes environment and culture), these kind of people are attracted to visit and help the environment. * Demographics: Developed countries are having more and more elderly people with money. These people are willing to have expensive long distance holidays for long durations.

  2. Investigation into the impact of tourism on Croyde and Newquay

    these two destinations I want to see what effects this has on the two towns so far as litter is concerned. This clearly shows that newquay has a higher litter concentration than Croyde which surprises me on the fact that 50% of Croyde accommodation is camping which I though would

  1. The aim of this piece of coursework is to study tourism and its importance in ...

    day visitors each year *there are 9 railway stations in town from getting to and from London. *south end's famous pier has been cut in half seven times by boats. *the sea froze in February 1927 *there are more restaurants per square mile than in any other town in the

  2. Case Studies - Population, Settlement, Industry and Environment

    The observatory allowed the Government to define a number of hazard zones * Evacuation from the most vulnerable areas * People could either move to the safer, northern part of the island, or leave the island all together * British Government pledged £41 million in relief Japan-Earthquakes in MEDCs The

  1. Types of Tourism and Travel Providers.

    cheap as a return ticket start from £18 and it’s only a 2 hour journey so it get you there quite fast compared to road travel. There is also a very big train link between London and France which is the Euro Tunnel and a high speed train service the

  2. Extereme Tourism

    Another significant difference is the major part that conditions play, it is impossible to control the weather and terrain conditions in many extreme sports, whereas conditions are constant for all competitors in traditional sports (except athletics field events). This means that, in an extreme sport, a competitor is not only

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work