• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Montserrat volcano and its effects on the inhabitants.

Extracts from this document...


Montserrat, a small beautiful island with the population of 4500 people, located as part of the Leeward Islands in the Lesser Antilles in the Caribbean Sea. Montserrat covers a land area of approximately 16 km long and 11 km wide, giving 40 kilometers of coastline and is considered a British overseas territory putting it under the rule of Elizabeth II. Montserrat had a total GDP of $99 million and a per capita income of $3400. In June 1997 a horrifying incident occurred in Soufriere Hills, a very touristic location. Soufriere Hills volcano, dormant for at least 400 years with the last big eruption being over 10,000 years ago had erupted causing two thirds of the beautiful island, Montserrat to be destroyed. Moreover the biggest explosion in June caused large pyroclastic flows, which had killed 19 people by over running a few small settlements. Everyone had been moved to a 'safe zone' located in the north of the country called Davy hill, as Plymouth (the area most effected) ...read more.


It typically consists mainly of water vapour, but it also contains carbon dioxide and sulphur dioxide gas. Other gases typically found in volcanic ashes are hydrogen sulphide, hydrogen chloride, hydrogen fluoride, carbon monoxide, and volatile metal chlorides are very harmful to the air the citizens breathe. The air being very polluted also made it very hard for the farmers to grow their crop, furthermore with the pyroclastic flow it had ruin a enormous number of tree's. The pyroclastic flow had also killed a lot of animals and contaminated the beautiful clear sea's and lakes; killing a number of sea creatures. Two thirds of the land is damaged linking back to the economical issues, as it would take a great deal to repair everything. The citizens of Montserrat also had political concerns, as the citizens were not happy with the lack of concern the government had towards the eruptions, which had built a lot of frustration in them. ...read more.


To conclude all my points I think Montserrat should start by finding new jobs to help the citizens economically. These jobs include mining, construction and financial services, Even though All three of these sectors are small but steady with the financial services industry providing services to around 11 offshore banks, gradually building up economically. As everyone if cramped in the north I suggest as time passes they should spread to different places This situation puts great pressure on the natural resources for instance, fishing effort is now concentrated on the northern reefs because the volcano has limited fishing areas through reef destruction and hazards to human life. It is vital that the fishing and reef status be addressed soon. Agriculture was most developed in the south thus making food resources in the north stressed. Overall, I think the enviroment had put down the country the most as half the countries jobs were taken away as farmers and fishermen, however if it did not interrupt the environment it wouldn't have linked and disturbed the country economically. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Physical Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Physical Geography essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    What caused the Soufrire Hills Volcano to erupt?

    5 star(s)

    Impact on the Environment During the eruption between 4 - 5 million cubic metres of lava was unloaded in the form of pyroclastic flows. A total of at least 4 square kilometres of land was covered by the deposits from the pyroclastic flows and surges.

  2. Merry Hill Analysis

    the unemployment rate near Merry Hill, and they could also buy more CCTV cameras to catch the criminals committing the crimes. New transport links could be made linking many of the smaller settlements to Merry Hill, including Kidderminster and Dudley.

  1. Views on the Future of Montserrat. There were many primary impacts of the ...

    The oceanic crust melts and rises and causes explosive volcanoes. This is what is meant by destructive plate margins. In Montserrat's case, the Atlantic plate acted as the oceanic plate and was forced under the Caribbean plate. Magma eventually rose up through weak points under the Soufriere Hills, forming an "underground pool of magma".

  2. Taal Volcano

    This destructive eruption created Taal Lake, which lies within the 25-30 km caldera. Originally, Taal Lake was connected to the sea but in 1754 a powerful eruption from Taal Volcano reshaped the outlet, to form the present day Pansipit River, this diluted the water, turning it into fresh water, now this is the lake's only outflow.

  1. To what extent Rothbury fits a model of tourist honeypot

    The overall inference drawn shows that Rothbury has constant flow of tourists. My car park survey revealed great number of cars parked in the town centre and the litter survey substantiated that although Rothbury is a neat and clean town but the presence of highest litter concentration was found on main high street.

  2. The Long Term Effects of Volcanic Eruptions

    Several hours later, Mount Pinatubo produced a sequence of pyroclastic flows, devastating valleys located near the volcanoes and areas up to a distance of 15 kilometers. This massive eruption led to the formation of a caldera of 2km in diameter.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work