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National Parks - Purpose and Managment.

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Shriya Patel 10RDP Geography National Parks What: In the UK, there are 15 members in the National Park family, which are protected areas because of their countryside, wildlife and cultural heritage. People live and work in the National Parks and the farms, villages and towns that are protected along with the landscape and wildlife. Why: National Parks were created and set up to protect the environment and to bring spirit to the communities. Where: There are about 15 national parks in the UK and its own National Park Authority looks them after. These parks are part of a global family of over 113,000 areas, covering 149 million square kilometres (6% of the Earth?s surface). Aims and Purpose: There are slightly different aims and purposes for the National Parks in Scotland and for the Broads, compared to National Parks in England and Wales. The purposes for National Parks in England and Wales: 1. Conserve and enhance the natural beauty, wildlife and cultural heritage 2. Promote opportunities for the understanding and enjoyment of the special qualities of National Parks by the Public When National Parks carry out these purposes, they also have the duty to: 1. Look for to further the economic and social well-being of local communities within the National Parks. The Scottish National Parks have four aims: 1. ...read more.


Meander: Erosion causes the outside bends to get closer until there is only a small bit of land left between the bends called the neck. The river was straightened by people because it was easier to get across. The soil is very fry and soaks up alot of rainwater. The rabbits were brought by the humans, which feed on grass and they dig holes, which takes them underground where they fertilise the soil. Green -Chopped trees for energy for heating houses. Horse Chesnutt- No native species Coastal landforms and processes Coastal Erosion: Cuckmere Haven is home to a large variety of wildlife, and has a rich ecosystem. Domestic sheep and cattle eat the grass, keeping the fields at a constant vegetation level. The result is a fertile area of land providing varied habitats. The beaches are made up of shingle and, right by the sea, rock pools. The cliffs are famous for its chalk but now the chalk is eroding off the cliffs. Being a very soft rock, the chalk which has fallen from the cliff erodes away from the hard flint, which then often accumulates as a shingle beach. Wave action batters the individual flints together and they become rounded pebbles; in the process, they may become stained by minerals in the seawater. ...read more.


Environmental impacts: 1. Some SSSIs (Sites of Special Scientific Interest) are threatened. The Lagoons are separated from the sea by a narrow strip of sand and shingle (a bar). If this is eroded, it will connect the Lagoons to the sea and they would be destroyed. Economic impacts: 1. Loss of tourism- Many coastal areas are popular tourist destinations. Erosion can put people off visiting. Fewer tourists? means businesses that rely on tourism may close. 2. Damage and repair is extremely expensive. Political impacts: 1. The government has to make policies to reduce future erosion by building more or better coastal defences or they can manage the use of areas that might be eroded eg: stop people living there. To control the people visiting Cuckmere Valley they have rules: 1. Walk to the beach along the easy access trail. 2. Catch a few fish from the beach! 3. Take your litter home with you. 4. Enjoy all scenery, especially the great views from the top of the Seven Sisters cliffs and hillsides. 5. Check out the wildlife and the underwater world of the rock pools at low tide. 1. Fish anywhere other than the beach - this includes the meanders and the riverbanks 2. Let your dogs approach sheep and cattle as this can cause harm to your dog or the animals 3. Cycle anywhere apart from the valley floor 4. Pick any flowers ...read more.

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