• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline the reasons for the growth in global tourism over the last several decades

Extracts from this document...


Outline the reasons for the growth in global tourism over the last several decades By Millie Farquhar Tourism was never a major part of everyday life in a HIC. In 1955 there were approximately 36,000 visitors to Kenya in Africa and it generated �1.6 million. However only a decade later (2005) there was about 1.2 million visitors and that generated about �800 million. What are the reasons for this startling development? and what are the impacts on the environment and the local indigenous tribes or cities? Now a days there are more forms of tourism. These are: Ecotourism (a sustainable form of tourism that has respect for the environment and the local cultures), Adventure tourism (trekking, cycling, climbing etc) and cultural tourism (visits to historical sites, interesting cities and different cultures). In 1841, a mass excursion (expedition/trip) from Loughborough to Leicester was organised by Tomas Cooke. ...read more.


Also because there are more long haul flights to exotic destinations it is quite cheap to travel to other countries (e.g. a flight to Cape Town (South Africa) is �350). Also the other reasons for the growth in global tourism are: people can retire early with pension and go on longer holidays. Also there are a lot more people with less children due to working so people can go on great adventure holidays without worrying about their children. There are also people with a greater affluence (people are generally wealthier than in the past, and there is more money to spend on luxury items such as holidays and leisure pursuits (new key geography for GCSE p. 231), there is also a lot more mobility and accessibility (the increase of car ownership and improvements in the roads, rail and air travel. ...read more.


This also brought approximately �4 billion. However, even though mass tourism can have its benefits it can have a lot of impacts on the population, the environment and the economy of the country as well. There are a lot of environmental impacts in Kenya due to tourism. Most of these impacts are very serious and are damaging the local environment and ruining the habitats for the wildlife. For example, on the coastline the boats that takes various tourists out to see the wildlife or go diving. However, the boats then anchor to the coral reef; this causes the corral to die and ruins the habitat for the fish. Also the beaches are overcrowded and are littered and the cars that people can drive around causes pollution. This can be a problem because if sulphur dioxide is released into the atmosphere then acid rain can be caused. Eroding the rocks and the corral reefs around the coastline. Thus destroying the local environment ran ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Human Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Human Geography essays

  1. Geography Fieldwork - The effects of Tourism in Keswick

    There are likely several causes for this. Firstly because tourists usually only visit the centre of the town, the councils usually maintain the centre more, they put more bins in, have more rubbish patrols, have pedestrians areas and more green areas.

  2. The Effects Of Tourism In Kenya

    Social disadvantages are that local traditions are disappearing faster in favour of copying the visitors. The tourists look down on the local people and treat them badly. Although tourism in the Maasai Mara is seen in all travel brochures to bring benefits for the Kenyan people and its wildlife, this is not always the case.

  1. Geography Tourism Coursework

    Only 20 residents thought that vandalism and crime was an issue, while 13 residents believed that no problem had occurred as a result of tourism. This may be because tourists spend the majority of their time at the beach

  2. Tourism in the UK. Both the places, Blackpool and Nottingham have attractions of ...

    For example, Blackpool does this by maintaining a zoo and a dinosaur safari whereas Nottingham has The Arboretum Park which maintains the natural beauty of the area. Also to make tourism more accessible for tourists and visitors, both the cities has road, rail and airway links to other cities and the world.

  1. Geography Project GCSE

    Therefore the individual shopping centre with the greatest pedestrian flow would have shops with a higher threshold and hence, more comparison goods shops consequently. FIG 13 SHOPPING CENTRE (S.C) TOTAL PED F.C NO. OF AREAS AV. PED F.C BROMLEY S.C 601 11 55 CATFORD S.C 196 6 33 From the

  2. Travel and Tourism Worldwide Travel Destinations - Hong Kong

    Hemisphere and continent: Hong Kong is situated in the northern hemisphere on the Asian continent. Long haul or short haul: Hong Kong is a long haul destination when flying from the UK. Flying out to Hong- Kong from London's Heathrow Airport takes approximately eleven to twelve hours, with no stopover.

  1. Travel and Tourism Worldwide Travel Destinations - Paris

    during the French Revolution and it was also where there were tank duels during World War II. It could also be classified as a purpose built destination because of the Eiffel Tower, which draws lots of tourists. Yet, it is said to be the most romantic city in the world because of its atmosphere.

  2. Investigation into the impact of tourism on Croyde and Newquay

    groups: half the locals are bungalow-inhabiting retirees, the other half are the surfers (almost all of whom are under 30). Surfing is a religion there. Newquay The first signs of settlement in Newquay consist of a late Iron Age hill fort/industrial centre which exploited the nearby abundant resources and the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work