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People are moving from away from North East Brazil - Why is this happening, what effects has this had and what can be done to stop the emigration?

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Introduction

Jessica Scales Essay: People are moving from away from North East Brazil. Why is this happening, what effects has this had and what can be done to stop the emigration? In the past thirty years thousands have migrated from North East Brazil to major cities in the South East. In 1950 there were just four million people living in the South East. In 1995 (four years later) there was sixteen million people living there. The area has many problems And these are the main reasons people are moving out. One of the main reasons people are leaving is drought. South-East Brazil is a desert look-a-like, with very little or no rain. The rain is unreliable and there can be long periods of rain and then not a drop for months. ...read more.

Middle

Starvation also affects these people as a result of this as there are no crops, and they have no money to buy food with. Most of the people leaving are teenagers to middle aged people. These age groups of people are migrating because they want a job or something that will bring money in to support their families. Children as young as ten year old are getting jobs such as shoe polishers or something that will bring money in, for them to buy food, as their parents cannot afford pocket money. Some parents send their children to work as there is no law stating an age for children to start work. Some parents send there children to a shopping centre as many jobs are available here such as watching someone's car or carrying shopping. ...read more.

Conclusion

Most seek anew life in the southern-eastern cities of Brazil such as Sao Paulo. In the last 5o years, the main river flowing through the north-east has been used to create hydroelectric power. Using money from the World Bank, three huge reservoirs have been created along the San Francisco River. Some 120,000 people were displaced by the Sobradinho project and 40,000 by the Itaporica project. Those who owned land were compensated and resettled, but it was the most vunerable who suffered the most. The landless became destitute overnight. They had three choices:- * Become totally dependent on charitable aid. * Move to the interior and try to scratch out an existence in the Caatinga. * Move out to the north-east region completely It is estimated that 20 000 have chosen the last option and moved to cities like Sao Paulo. ...read more.

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