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Population distribution in Brazil

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Introduction

Population distribution in Brazil Population of Brazil is 157,872,000, which is quite high considering that only 10% live inland and over 90% live on a strip along the east coast which is roughly 500km wide and is about 25% of the of the countries total area. The density decreases quite rapidly towards the north-west, where several remote areas are almost entirely lacking in permanent settlement. There's an area in the dry north-eastern which they call the Sertao. Here it is also lacking settlement also lacking in settlements due to the following reasons; extremely high temperatures and poor soils make it unsuitable for growing conditions in the area, which is also not good to rear animals on. Sertao also lacks in clean water, electricity, healthcare, energy reserves, communications poor and education is also lacking. ...read more.

Middle

Overall here it is sparsely populated. Apart from one area in the Amazon named Manaus is moderately populated and has had two growth periods. It used to be the original Portuguese trading post. The first growth boom occurred in the 19th/20th century, this was because of the rubber boom. The second occurred in 1980's; this was because of developing of the tourism trade and the port being granted a new status as a free port. This attracted people from all over the country. Something else that could have attracted people could be the recent extraction and exploitation of raw minerals such as iron ore, and bauxite. Along that easterly strip is Plateau, here it is moderately populated, the climate is much healthier because it is considerably cooler than in the rainforest and along the coast. ...read more.

Conclusion

Because Rio became so highly populated the federal government needed to do something so that people would pull out of the capital and spread out across Brazil so they come up with something very fascinating; they decided to move the capital city more inland, even though this idea was quite extreme and a high risk because the government was about to invest loads of money into this idea. They decided the new capital to be Bras´┐Żlia. They chose it be here because of several reasons; extraction of vast deposit of iron ore and bauxite. Bras´┐Żlia is also advantaged by having both the Amazonian rainforest and good coastal access either side of it. Electric power stations, and good communications have also been built, so more and more people flocked to the new capital of Brazil. ...read more.

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