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Poverty has had widespread effects on the economy of Africa.

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Introduction

Poverty has had widespread effects on the economy of Africa. Africa is by far the world's poorest inhabited continent. Over the decades there have been many unsuccessful attempts to improve the economies of individual African countries. However, in recent years this has begun to change in many African nations, data suggests that some countries on the continent are now experiencing fast growth. The World Bank reports the economy of Sub-Saharan African grew at rates that matched global rates. In 2007, the top nations ranked by highest economic growth were Mauritania, Angola, Sudan, Mozambique, and Malawi. ...read more.

Middle

(see map) East Africa has tended to be wealthier and more stable than other nations. The poorest countries are those engaged in or just merging out of civil wars, these include Sierra Leone, Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Burundi. There is considerable internal variation between countries, urban areas, especially capital cities, tend to be wealthier than rural zones. One main factor in Africa's economy is agriculture. Around sixty percent of African workers are employed by the agricultural sectors with about three-fifths of these workers being subsistence farmers. ...read more.

Conclusion

The southern nations have large reserves of gold, diamonds, and copper while petroleum is concentrated in Nigeria, Angola, and Libya. Mining and drilling produce most of Africa's revenues each year, while these industries only employ about two million people which is a tiny fraction of the continents population. The profits usually go to large corporations or the government and are usually spent on luxuries for the elite or on projects that return little value. Poverty affects Africa's economy because it causes unemployment and large national debts. These national debts usually result in little being spent on social services such as education, pensions, and health care. Most African nations are now pushing for debt relief. ...read more.

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