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Retail Coursework

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Introduction In this enquiry I aim to determine the roles and purposes of Bury's town centre. Bury, the location for my geographical enquiry, is a town on the northern side of Greater Manchester in North West England, between Rochdale and Bolton and just west of the M66. It is the largest town in the Metropolitan Borough of Bury. Following the industrial revolution, the town became more important and there was a steady increase in population. Development was swift in the late 18th and early 19th century, when the town was linked to the national canal and railway networks. The town optimised its position between the River Irwell and the River Roch, with countless cotton mills opening in the 1800s. The town also expanded to include Elton, Walmersley and Heap. Rows of terraced housing encircled the town centre by the turn of the 19th century. Districts such as Freetown, Fishpool and Pimhole were converted from fields to rows of terraced housing, factories and mills. After World War 2, the cotton industry suffered major decline, and many factories and mills were closed down. The shopping area around Princess Street and Union Street was demolished in the late 1960s, and a concrete precinct was built in its stead. This development was replaced by the Millgate Centre in the late 1990s. However a large shopping area, known as The Rock, remains outside the Millgate Centre as evidence of the former focal point of the central business district. The town is still famous for its traditional Lancashire market, with its "nationally famous" Black Pudding stalls. In the last 30 years, the town has developed into an important commuter town for Manchester, with large scale housing development taking place. The old railway to Manchester Victoria closed in the 1990s, and was replaced by Metrolink in 1992. The town is also linked to the motorway network with the M66 to the east of the town. ...read more.

Middle

56,500 705 95.7 590.38 12 Burns Jewellers/Ernest Jones 26-28, The Haymarket, Bury, Lancashire BL9 0BX/1, The Mall, Millgate Centre, Bury, Lancashire BL9 0QQ 111,500 1085 124.4 896.30 13 River Island 11-15, Union St, Bury, Lancashire BL9 0NY 145,000 967 285.3 508.24 14 Ernest Jones/H Samuel 1, The Mall, Millgate Centre, Bury, Lancashire BL9 0QQ/2, The Mall, Millgate Centre, Bury, Lancashire BL9 0QQ 96,500 990 104.05 927.43 15 Next/Claire's 3, Union Arcade, Millgate Shopping Centre, Bury, Lancashire BL9 0QF /8, Union Arcade, Bury, Lancashire BL9 0QF 77,500 627 126.2 614.10 16 Marks & Spencer/Next 1, The Haymarket, Bury, Lancashire BL9 0BX/3, Union Arcade, Millgate Shopping Centre, Bury, Lancashire BL9 0QF 239,500 359 275.85 868.23 17 Superdrug 14, The Haymarket, Bury BL9 0BX 118,000 813 227.3 519.14 18 BHS 15, Union Arcade, Bury, Lancashire BL9 0QF 294,000 428 325.7 902.67 19 Bon Marche 3, Kay Gardens, Bury, Lancashire BL9 0BL 76,000 373 274.2 277.17 20 Dr. & Herbs 1, Minden Parade, BURY, BL9 0QG 56,000 613 112.33 498.53 21 Optical Express 31, Minden Parade, Bury, Lancashire BL9 0QG 29,000 373 71.4 406.16 22 Sole Schuz 1, Princess Parade, Bury, Lancashire BL9 0QL 30,250 1124 88.6 341.42 23 Othellos 32, Princess Parade, Bury, Lancashire BL9 0QL 49,500 436 139.8 354.08 N.B. I have omitted pedestrian count point 1 as I could not produce a land value for this location. Therefore, it will not be included in any further calculations. Ped. Point Average number of Pedestrians Value/m2 (�) 2 1043 201.93 3 800 383.51 4 268 287.22 5 615 265.96 6 274 972.84 7 433 267.09 8 171 841.72 9 866 383.51 10 450 210.43 11 705 590.38 12 1085 896.3 13 967 508.24 14 990 927.43 15 627 614.1 16 359 868.23 17 813 519.14 18 428 902.67 19 373 277.17 20 613 498.53 21 373 406.16 22 1124 341.42 23 436 354.08 For the fourth hypothesis, pedestrian flow will be compared to value/m2 to investigate the correlation between the two. ...read more.

Conclusion

cannot be found in centres such as The Arndale Centre and so the hypothesis of "the area will be busier on market days than on non-market days. Furthermore, it will be the areas closest to the location of the market that will see the highest percentage increase of pedestrians," would be irrelevant. Furthermore, the hypothesis of, "with increasing distance from the peak land value point, pedestrian flow will decrease," would be irrelevant because there are very high, similar land values spread around a much larger area in this type of shopping centre. Similarly, this investigation would not be suitable for a rural-urban fringe development, such as the Pilsworth Industrial Estate, due to the lack of a market and old shopping parade and the fact that these developments are only accessible by car and usually accommodate larger shops such as sofa warehouses. This lack of accessibility would affect the hypothesis, "A person visiting Bury Shopping Centre from nearby will use public transport. A person travelling over a longer distance will use a private car. The tram route will only attract people who live near stops that are close to Bury." Furthermore, the Metrolink tram route does not reach the Pilsworth industrial estate, and there are significantly fewer public transport routes leading to these rural-urban fringe development sites. This investigation would also be unsuitable for a smaller, uncovered shopping centre such as the shopping parades in Preswich, where the shops are found along the town's streets. Shopping in these areas would be severely affected by weather, for example rain would discourage shoppers. The peak land value hypothesis would be irrelevant, as there is no "centre" in these areas and so the calculations needed to prove or disprove this hypothesis could not be carried out. Due to the small number of shops, the hypothesis, "shops selling comparison goods tend to locate next to or close to each other in order to attract custom," would be very difficult to investigate, as there would not be much variation in the categories of shops available to survey. ...read more.

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