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See how the town of Blaina in South Wales has responded to change in its economic geography.

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Introduction

In this coursework I aim to see how the town of Blaina in South Wales has responded to change in its economic geography. In order for me to do this I have used a variety of methods such as questionnaires, surveys, maps and simple observations. Through my research I have discovered how old mining villages such as Blaina and six bells in the Ebbw Fach Valley have been affected through coal mine closures. Job losses where on a mass scale and affected small communities, this also affected their quality of life. My Hypothesis 1) Most of the housing was developed in the 19th century This was during the period of rapid economic growth. At this time this area of Great Britain was one of the main industrial regions, as jobs became available people moved to the area so houses where built to accommodate them. This affected an increased economy all around the growing communities 2) The quality of housing declined since the loss of the coal industry in these particular towns. The closure of local coal mines affected the de-industrialization of the area. The doom and gloom spiral suggests that poor quality housing is a result from the decline of industry and economic structure of a town. Although many houses have shown signs of decay, there have been recent attempts to improve the housing stock, this includes things such as: Windows Roof tiles Brickwork Doors Toilets Fencing General appearance This was all much needed as the houses where ageing and where beginning to deteriorate. ...read more.

Middle

3) Questionnaire survey This is to determine migration and to find out if the quality of the environment has been affected. This can be found by asking the local people of Blaina 4) Land use maps I need to see if outward migration has increased as a result of loss of industry. This can also be found in conjunction with my questionnaire where local people are asked if they knew of anyone who moved to find work. 5) Environmental quality survey This will show how modern, clean, green, peaceful and quiet the local area is, and this will help in answering hypothesis number five. This data will help to back up my answers to each of my hypothesis and show how Blaina has responded to changes in its economic geography. The doom and gloom spiral which describes the decline in economic structure and facilities of a town or city suggests that once the loss of a strong industry (like the coal industry) usually that a town or cities development decreases gradually by spiralling out of control. It is a negative knock on effect with one result leading to another, this repeats itself. It all affects society; from home life, to community life, modernisation, economy, job losses, reduction of services, health care, crime, and then migration occurs. I will try to prove this geographical theory using my case study of Blaina. ...read more.

Conclusion

I have shown the evidence that shows signs of renewal. The style of housing graph answers hypothesis two because seeing the different styles of housing and the difference in the number of each style of housing could indicate what kind of housing was built to cater for the needs of the town at the time they where constructed. All the houses where built during the same time this shows the era in which industry developed the local area. The condition of housing answers hypothesis two and five because the condition of housing would indicate how much money has been invested into housing development and improving the quality of the environment( hypothesis five) in the town. Evidence of renewal answers hypothesis two it shows how the quality of housing has been maintained by the government and community since the loss of heavy industry. The environmental quality survey will prove hypothesis five because it gives an indication on a small scale of how I feel the town has changed due to the loss of heavy industry such as coal mining. I think this is a kind of bias, because I am used to the standard of living in London. I would inevitably compare this standard to that of Blaina in South Wales. My view of the town may be different to others. The map of the Migration Distribution shows the dependency ratio in the community. There opinion of the local people on their own community since the loss of industry will help answer hypothesis five. ...read more.

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