• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Settlement hierarchy

Extracts from this document...


Settlement Hierarchy A settlement hierarchy arranges settlements in order of importance, with individual farms and hamlets at the bottom and the single largest city, which is usually the capital, at the top. Three different measures are often used: * The size of settlement in terms of its population * The range and numbers of services * The sphere of influence or the size of the area served by the settlement Services The shops and services in a settlement provide the local population with its needs. The larger a settlement, the more services are needed to provide for the population. The diagram opposite suggests a hierarchy based upon the services in settlements of different sizes. * Convenience (low order) - goods shops which sell the necessities, basic foodstuffs for example bread, meat and vegetables which must be purchased frequently. These goods have a low range as customers are not prepared to travel far to obtain them. ...read more.


* Neighbourhood centre -there are likely to be a few specialist stores but convenience goods shops will predominate. * Community or district centres - there is a higher proportion of specialist stores selling goods and services with a wider range because people are prepared to travel farther to obtain them. * Regional centre - Comparative goods and specialist stores predominate and convenience goods are confined to cheap and inferior sites on the edge of the shopping centre. Sphere of influence The sphere of influence is the area served by a settlement. The larger the settlement, the greater the number and variety of shops and services and the wider the area from which people have to travel to use the centre. London's sphere of influence is the whole country, Newcastle and Leeds serve local regions, market towns serve smaller villages and farms in the area and a village only serves itself. ...read more.


* Towns with a balance occupational structure - no single employment group dominates e.g. Manchester * Fishing towns - fishing employs over 5% of the workers in the town e.g. Peterhead * Engineering town - engineering employs 15% of workers in the town e.g. Birmingham * Resort towns - personal service and entertainment employ over 20% of workers in the town e.g. Blackpool * Commercial towns - Commerce and finance form the largest single group, employing over 10% of workers e.g. London Many settlements in Britain have changed their function over time. Most settlements began with farming as their main function. Over time mechanization has reduced the need for farm workers and therefore many villages, especially those close up to large urban areas, now house workers in all types of employment who travel elsewhere to work. These settlements are called commuter or dormitory villages, for example County Durham. They have often expanded with the addition of a new housing estate, and the resident commute to work in the cities nearby. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Human Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Human Geography essays

  1. GCSE Geography Settlement Coursework

    An example is West Midlands. City- Large population of up to 500,000 people. Services include airports and cathedrals. An example is Oxford. Large town- Medium - large population of up to 100,000 people. Services include hospitals. An example is Banbury.

  2. The aim of my coursework, investigating shopping patterns in Brent, is based on answering ...

    is the graph for how often each of the ten members of the public I interviewed travelled to the shopping locations helps me in my investigation since it allows me to distinguish between the shops that sell high order comparison goods which are visited less to the shops that sell

  1. geography settlement

    Flat land, fertile land, close to resources, such as a water source or forest for wood, good communications such as roads, port, navigable river and a bridge over the river are just a few factors that will influenced the situation of a settlement.

  2. Free essay

    Attractions in Durham

    The unparished area of Durham had a population of 29,091, whilst the built-up area of Durham had a population of 42,939. The centre of Durham sits on a peninsula created by the River Wear. At the base of the peninsula is the Market Place, which still hosts regular markets; a

  1. Comparing 2 Shopping Centres

    A comparison goods shop is a shop that sells expensive products that you would probably compare with other similar type shops, for example an electronic appliances store. My results seem to back up that hypothesis, because, as figure 11 shows, Birtley has 28 comparison shops compared to Chester-le-Streets 55 comparison shops.

  2. Sweatshop Worker's Rights Charter

    According to the online Apple dictionary, a minimum wage, noun, means the lowest wage permitted by law or by a special agreement (such as one with a labor union). Over 200 countries have set minimum wages for workers, including Hong Kong.

  1. Does the Bentalls Shopping Centre in Kingston Upon Thames meet the needs of the ...

    Aim 3: Does the Bentalls Shopping Centre meet the needs of the people who live in its sphere of influence? The Bentalls Shopping Centre met my needs when I was there. There might not be a supermarket but the younger generation, such as myself doesn't expect a supermarket and I

  2. Case Studies - Population, Settlement, Industry and Environment

    as opposed to going to Australia, but they cannot run the mines without the large foreign investment. Need to import many items due to a lack of workers to efficiently produce them Australians pay 50%-100% more than Americans due to import costs-72% seafood imported.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work