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Settlements in and around the Uttlesford District

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Contents Page No(s) Introduction & Hypothesis Settlement Hierarchy Maps Key Terminology History Local Needs Land Use Maps Land Uses In Saffron Walden And Bishops Stortford Spearman's Rank Sphere Of Influence Ways Of Traveling Reasons For Visiting Conclusion Evaluation & Bibliography Introduction I will aim to provide information to complete my hypothesis; 'Settlements in and around the Uttlesford District meet the needs of the residents living in those settlements.' I will use evidence from the fieldwork and various sources in books to contribute ideas in my conclusion. I will also be use different techniques to prove my theory, such as the 'Spearman's Rank', questionnaires and graphs to make my results more reliable. Hypothesis A hypothesis is a statement or a question that needs to be proven or disproved. My hypothesis is: Do settlements in the Uttlesford District meet the needs of the residents living in those settlements? In order to determine whether that is true or false I will need to carry out the following: * Visit Bishops Stortford, a small town just outside the Uttlesford District to carry out questionnaires, surveys and gather primary and secondary information. * Visit Saffron Walden, a small town in the Uttlesford District to carry out questionnaires, surveys and gather other primary and secondary information. * Visit a smaller village, also in the Uttlesford District, to carry out surveys and gather other primary and secondary information. * Use a database for grouping the questionnaires complication and then process results individually. * Use a statistical test called 'Spearman's Rank Correlation Coefficient'. Key terms I will use important key terms to aid answering my hypothesis; Sphere of influence - Area served by a particular settlement. I suspect that Saffron Walden has the largest sphere of influence, as it contains the most services, and the population is nearly three times greater than the next village. Small settlements like Wedens Ambo with a small population should have a low sphere of influence as the services won't be supported. ...read more.


This shows that only small amounts of the buildings need to be supermarkets, as they can support the whole area; convenience stores, this way, simply are not necessary as low order goods are sold in supermarkets. However, the convenience stores which are present are at the other side of the market so low order goods can be sold to people before they reach the market center. Chain stores need at least a certain amount of threshold population to support their business, as do many other services. Saffron Walden contains around 15,000 residents in which stores like 'Game' etc. need 20,000 plus, ensuring people from other settlements are needed to provide to support each store. From the amount of comparison services; professional, chain etc., it's noticeable that the businesses aren't just supplied for the local residents. This can be supported by the lack of residential homes in the town centre. Conclusively, the sphere of influence must be high as, the settlements next to Saffron Walden have a fairly low population count (figure 1) Town Population * roughly Audley End 300* Littlebury 1623 Little Chesterford 205 Little Walden Unknown Sewards End Unknown This means that other settlements further from Saffron Walden use the services there; enlarging the sphere of influence, otherwise, the stores won't be sustained. Other land use marks in Saffron Walden Saffron Walden Golf course This 6364 yard course is one of the finest parkland golf courses in East Anglia. The club is positioned at the top of a hill, offering wonderful views of Saffron Walden and Audley End House from almost every tee. A golf club needs a huge area of land, which could be used for other purposes such as agriculture etc. Therefore, a lot more services could replace the golf course to increase the settlements economy, which suggests the golf course has a high population threshold, which must be supported, and the sphere of influence must also be high. ...read more.


Indicating the hypothesis, in this case, to be correct. Evaluation The information I prepared helped me to understand various information about the Uttlesford District before the coursework was set; I never knew Saffron Walden, the place we visited, was actually in Essex! I used additional information to contribute more evidence to achieve the hypothesis. I think my detailed analysis in each technique I used was very reliable, and most certainly aided my theory. Although some of the cenus data was unreliable for most of the settlements which made my results insufficient. E.g - The data I collected on the population of Saffron Walden was different according to two different internet sources. I had difficulty finding the population in the smaller settlements around Saffron Walden as little information like that isn't displayed on the internet. That's because the settlements are so small they can't be an entirety in their own right, they have to be in a parish; showing I had to 'roughly*' estimate from the information given by the parish's population. The questionnaires that we asked people whilst visiting Saffron Walden and Bishop Strortford was unreliable; I had the opinions from only twenty different people that of this scale isn't a fair test - I had to ask more people, but there wasn't enough time. Furthermore, we were in Saffron Walden for two weekdays, Wednesday and Thursday, so only adults were roaming the streets for us to ask making the test more un-fair and biased. Typically, the weather was also mild so that meant less people were at the shopping areas. If we had more time, I would have been able to visit every settlement in my study making my answers more reliable. Moreover, if we were given more time to complete the coursework I could of studied other small towns/large in England and maybe abroad as well, so my conclusion would be more dependable. I would have had time to justify more of my analysis and would have displayed more accurate information. ...read more.

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