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Shanty towns in Brazil; why they arise and mitigation strategies

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Introduction

´╗┐For an LIC city you have studied, discuss the attempts to manage the shanty towns Ed Martin In Sao Paolo, shantytowns, also known locally as favelas are everywhere. There have been many mitigation strategies over the past few years, some of which have been considerably more successful than others. At first, the government thought that they would be able to remove people from their makeshift accommodation and move them into proper housing. The living conditions of all the people would improve, and as the land they live on is often dangerous for a number of reasons, they would be much safer too. The first and only place in which this idea was attempted was Paraisopolis. ...read more.

Middle

Many charities have been set up specifically to target these areas of the city, and many large charities such as unicef do huge amounts of work and pour resources into to cleaning up favelas in Sao Paolo. One example is a sport program set up by Rexona Ades, that is based in Heliopolis. It provides volley ball equipment in order for children to improve their outlook on their lives and as a tool for anti-crime education. Another example is a charity set up a plan also in Heliopolis called Brincar that aims to improve the kindergarten play areas in the favela, and it educates teachers on how to teach the children to play in way that will develop their social skills well. ...read more.

Conclusion

Most of the time they offer micro-loans to kick start small businesses. This is the best way of mitigating shantytowns as it has the opportunity to break the cycle of poverty and get people out of poverty all together, as opposed to just supporting them whilst in poverty. This greatly improves their quality of life and affects others around them, as there is more money in the area, having an effect on all the people in an area of a shantytown. Collaborations between NGOs and the government normally aim to improve the access to water, waste and sewage removal systems, and electricity. Often proper building materials are also supplied so that people have better, safer and more secure houses. ...read more.

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