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Test the hypothesis "Has the CBD in St. Ives migrated in the last 30 years?"

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Introduction

GEOGRAPHY PROJECT: ST. IVES CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT Introduction In this project is to test the hypothesis "Has the CBD in St. Ives migrated in the last 30 years?" But before we can determine this we need find out what a CBD is. I have got some definitions of a CBD. Definition 1: The CBD is a small but also very accessible area very good for business so the cost of land here is very high. Definition 2: A CBD is a small area in the middle of a town or city that has most of the concentrated businesses in. They are often built up instead of outwards because of land prices Definition 3: Burgess was a geographer who believed that all cities had a fundamental similarity he described this in a diagram called the "Burgess Zone Model". After this another geographer called Hoyt came up with another diagram called Hoyt Sector Model" (These can be seen below) Definition: Burgess Zone Model The Burgess model suggests that cities grow outwards from the CBD in a series of concentric rings. The oldest part of the city is at the centre and the newest part on the outer edge. The quality and size of housing increases with distance from the CBD but the density of housing decreases with more open space available Definition: Hoyt Sector Model This model suggests that transport and physical features were important, with industrial areas developing outwards in sectors along main transport routes (roads, rivers and canals) ...read more.

Middle

Bridge Street Bridge Street is almost definitely the CBD of 1970, but this is the time where we find out if the CBD of St. Ives has moved . (See map above) This graph is very important but also a bit unfair. There was the usual amount of people but there were no cars at all. This is because there were road works going on in Bridge Street to make it completely pedestrianised, the whole of the road, and the bridge, is being closed to all traffic. This is mainly because of the fact that the bridge is old and is to weak to carry heavy traffic any more, so they have closed it off to all vehicles. This as the title states is a comparison of local and chain shops, similar to the one on Broadway, it shows that almost half of the shops are Chain and half are Local. This is not typical of a CBD, but it does have more Chain shops, typical of a CBD, than Broadway. This helps to back up my belief that Bridge Street was the main part of the CBD in 1970 but not any more and has started to loose the Chain shops and gain more and more local shops. One of the important points important parts of my statistics is the building height in bridge street it was also 2.5 which shows a lack of three story buildings this makes me believe that the CBD is not here but somewhere else. ...read more.

Conclusion

Therefor I believe that Market Hill is the modern CBD. Conclusion "Has the CBD in St. Ives migrated in the last 30 years?" That was the hypothesis that I started with. I believe that the CBD has migrated from Bridge Street to Market Hill. I believe that the CBD in St. Ives was here because of the bridge. As in 1970 the bridge was still open to all traffic. This let all traffic from the other side of the river still come straight into the road and making it easier to get goods from one side to the other. But since then the bridge has been more and more restricted, and less and less traffic over. Market Hill on the other side has become more and more busy mainly with the opening of Waitrose. Its massive car park allows lots of people to park very close to Market Hill. Although the car park is closer to Station Road it is not big enough to support a CBD. Limitations I think that the four streets were enough as they are the main streets of the CBD, but I believe that the alleyways of Bridge street and Market hill are important. I do not know about 1970 but now there are quite a lot of small shops in them and the movements of these shops could tell us about the location of the CBD at the specific times. Joshua Elliott 10 OL page 1 ...read more.

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