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Testing Hypothesis - The land use of Covent Garden typifies that which is common to the Central Business District of town and cities. It is possible to identify vertical use zones.

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Introduction

Hypothesis 1. The land use of Covent Garden typifies that which is common to the Central Business District of town and cities. 2. It is possible to identify vertical use zones. 3. The Sphere of Influence of Covent Garden extends beyond the city. 4. Covent Garden is characterised by high levels of traffic. 5. Covent Garden is characterised by high pedestrian densities. I will be investigating the five above hypothesis in different ways. Methodology 1. Hypothesis 1 - I went round Covent Garden and recorded the ground floor land use (function) of each individual building. I gathered my data in the following table: Property type Total Number Percentage of Total Offices Other Services Specialist Shops Residential Low Order Shops Theatres Museums Banks Cafes 2. Hypothesis 2 - I chose a street in Covent Garden and for each building in that street I recorded the ground floor use (function), number of floors above it and how they were used. I gathered my data in the following table: Number of Floors in Building Ground Floor Use Upper Floor(s) Use 3. Hypothesis 3 - I had questionnaires ready to ask people 3 main questions, their answers were be grouped into the following tables: Do You Live In London? Yes No How Did You Travel To Covent Garden? ...read more.

Middle

The bar chart shows the distribution on floors side by side for each of the uses. The most frequent land use on the ground floor is Convenience Stores, on the upper levels its offices. A use which wasn't on the ground floor but was on upper floors is residential. Uses that were on the ground floor but weren't on the upper floors were cafes, convenience stores and specialist shops. Hypothesis 3 The Sphere of Influence of Covent Garden extends beyond the city. People use public transport to access the CBD of London, which is served by bus, tube and train. This gives visitors or workers an easier journey then private transport because there is less congestion, due to many factors including congestion charging and parking restrictions. There is a high concentration of shops and services in the area. They have a larger range (distance people are prepared to travel) then local areas, which means people will travel greater distances. This means within the catchment area (sphere of influence), the population threshold (minimum number of people needed to support a function) for these shops will be met or exceeded. Do You Live In London? Yes 15 No 55 How Long Was your Journey? Less then 30mins 8 30mins - 1hr 7 1hr- 2hrs 0 2hrs+ 55 How Did You Travel To Covent Garden? ...read more.

Conclusion

This is a sign of a true CBD, the fact that it can pull in people from as far as the USA. Its accessibility is excellent with over half the people questioned saying they got there by public transport and also that there journey was mostly just over 2 hours long. There are two hypothesises which show that Covent Garden doesn't typify all characteristics of a CBD, these are high levels of traffic and high pedestrian densities. The reason why Covent Garden may have not shown itself to be a proper CBD in those categories may be the fact that I have compared it to Oxford Street/Circus, which is much more of a shopping area and will indeed have more traffic and pedestrian numbers. I feel it is good I have done this comparison as it does give a real idea of how congested or decongested the Covent Garden area is. I could have made my results better if I had accurate street lengths, as I have mentioned above in my summary of hypothesis 4, this would have given me a third column in my hypothesis which would have stated the density per 10m and would have given me an average which I could have then used as another comparison of Covent Garden with different areas. All in all, I would definitely say that Covent Garden does typify characteristics with are associated which the Central Business District. Saqib Khan 11P 28.10.2003 ...read more.

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