• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The aim of this project is to identify and discuss relevant Synergies, Dependencies, Vulnerabilities and Conflicts between Air Traffic Services and Airport Operations.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Introduction The aim of this project is to identify and discuss relevant Synergies, Dependencies, Vulnerabilities and Conflicts between Air Traffic Services and Airport Operations. Air Traffic Services promote the safe and efficient flow of aircraft both in the air and at airports and Airport Operations promote the safe and efficient flow of passengers and cargo between aircraft and airports. The International Civil Aviation Organisation sets Aviation Law. This is interpreted by the Civil Aviation Authority who then apply it to the UK Aviation System. National Air Traffic Services enforce this upon Air Traffic Control and Airport Owners enforce this upon Airport Operations. Synergies * ATS and AO work together to promote the safe and efficient transportation of Passengers and Cargo by air. * ATS co-ordinate the movement of aircraft in and out the sky and on the ground and AO co-ordinate the movement of cargo and passengers between aircraft and terminal. * In bad weather conditions when ATS cannot assist, AO vehicles are sent out to safely guide aircraft around the Airport. * ATS and AO work together to co-ordinate parking stand and runway time slots in order to achieve efficient aircraft turnaround times. ...read more.

Middle

Many aircraft were diverted to Gatwick meaning that air traffic control had to allocate extra slots to the diverted aircraft and they also struggled to find available stands. Ground staff had to deal with more aircraft and try to get a quick turnaround. The vulnerability of strikes is a major problem for these two elements of the industry. - Another example is when air travel controllers in Europe went on strike against an EU plan to put the continent's air space under international controls. The Single Skies plan would replace national air spaces with new zones of control based on international air corridors. The striking air traffic controllers believe the Single Skies system will lead to job losses and privatisation and could affect safety standards. The change in how the air traffic control system works could compromise safety. * Air traffic control direct aircraft to stands where they are unable to park because a vehicle or a piece of equipment was left there. * Weather affects the communication between air traffic controllers and airport operations. In adverse conditions airport operations has to rely on air traffic controllers to guide them around the airport. Miscommunication between airport operations and air traffic services can have serious effects. ...read more.

Conclusion

* In the first 3 months of this year almost 1 in 4 flights in UK took more than 15 minutes after the expected departure. That compares to 1 in 10 flights 7 years ago. Future * Privatisation of the air traffic control would mean en route charges would increase which means airlines have to pay more. * There are 2 million flights a year in UK air space this figure is expected to rise every year. More and more passengers are flying than ever before this only means more aircraft more traffic and delays. Conclusion The interface between ATS and AO is a vital part of the Aviation System. Both these elements aim to promote safe and efficient air transportation. AO focus upon the transition of passengers and cargo to and from aircraft and airport whereas ATS focus upon the transition of aircraft between airports. Air travel has increased rapidly during the past 30 years and will continue to do so. Air traffic control systems and airport operations have increased their role in the system and both most work effectively to ensure air travel safety. Airport capacity will continue to expand to accommodate for airport operations and aircraft and so the air traffic control system has to be efficient in dealing with the rise of movements. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Human Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Human Geography essays

  1. Geography Conclusion- traffic congestion

    In addition pedestrianisation is a key aspect of reducing congestion as it encourages people to walk to the Birmingham City Centre for those who live close to the Birmingham City Centre. Research suggests that 42% of commuters travel to Birmingham from 2KM or less, and as studies suggest by doctors,

  2. Work Experience Diary - counting traffic.

    We were going to the survey in Addenbrookes to ask them a couple of questions. The survey was based on if people worked in Addenbrookes or not. I was picked up by Kiran, who brought along her sister. Kiran worked in the IT section where she inputted data.

  1. Settlement Hierarchy Project

    would be made such as, the land use changing since the pre-drawn map was produced. I created pie charts to display the data I collected, of Caldicot and Newport land use. I used pie charts because they show percentage and clearly display my results, instead of using bar charts, line graph or any other method.

  2. Farming Systems

    to encourage them to produce more o The EU guaranteed a standard price for farmers' products regardless of market forces or the price of the same product outside Europe- protected farmers from cheap imports from abroad o Subsidies and guaranteed prices meant the EU farmers ended up damaging the environment

  1. Geography Conclusion - Traffic on routes leading into Birmingham

    we had stated a specific time or certain amount of hours a day in our hypothesis. As for the questionnaire there were just less than half the interviewees that suggested they had not experienced problems getting into Birmingham due to traffic congestion.

  2. Geography Project GCSE

    Shopping Mall, built in 1993 in order to compete with out of Town shopping centres. From the map it is evident that there are more Car-parks in Bromley shopping centre than in Catford shopping centre. Bromley is also seen too be less of a residential area instead more of an

  1. Geography Project - South Wales iron works.

    The Logica company based at Bridgend Science Park. All of the above ideas may assist in explaining why Bridgend seems to be divided into a wealthier south and poorer north. We can gain some insight into the reasons for this divide by comparing with the situation on a larger scale in countries elsewhere in the world such as Italy.

  2. The aim of this project is to prove that the development of the former ...

    I did the environmental surveys on my opinion of what the different areas are like. These surveys will help me to complete sections; 1, 2 and 3. All of my source will be use in my evaluation.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work