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The Amazon Rainforest is a large tropical rainforest occupying the drainage basin of the Amazon River and its many tributaries.

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Introduction

The Amazon Rainforest is a large tropical rainforest occupying the drainage basin of the Amazon River and its many tributaries. The Amazon Rainforest is located between latitudes of 2? North and 10? South of the equator and longititudes of between 42? and 75? of the North Pole. The forest includes the greater part of Brazil and Peru, significant parts of Columbia, Ecuador, and a very small area of Venezuela. The Amazon rainforest covers a total area of 6,000,000 square km (2,300,000 square miles). Comprising about 40 percent of Brazil's total area, the vast rainforest is bounded by the Guiana Highlands to the north, the Andes Mountain ranges to the west, the Brazilian central plateau to the south and Atlantic Ocean to the east. The Amazon Rainforest widens from a 320 km front to a belt 1,900km wide where it meets the Andean foothills. The Amazon Rainforest represents about half of the Earth's remaining rainforest and also constitutes its largest reserve of biological resources. More than half of the worlds estimated 10 million species of plants, animals and insects live in this complex ecosystem of great biodiversity The immense extent and great continuity of the Amazon rainforest is a reflection of the high rainfall, high humidity, and monotonously high temperatures that prevail in the region The Amazon Rainforest is the world's richest and most varied biological reservoir, containing several million species of insects, plants, birds and other forms of life, many still unrecorded by science The length of day and night is equal ...read more.

Middle

Logging profits are real to the countries that must service their debts. Since Deforestation brings huge profits for the multinational companies who mine and log in the Amazon forest, these companies are reluctant to see the preservation of the Amazon Rainforest as this will greatly reduce the profits of their operations in the Amazon or completely end them. The government of Brazil also shares a similar view to that of the multi-national companies, this is because the Amazon is an easy way to solve the problem of over population in the north east of the region and is also a lucrative way of servicing the countries debts. Though logging the Amazon rainforest is a large economic source for the Brazilian government. Latest statistics from "Raintree," an environmental organisation opposing the destruction of the Amazon rainforest, show that rainforest land converted to cattle operations yields the land owner $400 per acre and if timber is harvested, the land is worth $400 per acre. However, if these renewable and sustainable resources are harvested, the land will yield the land $2,400 per acre. More importantly this value provides an income not only year after year but also for generations and also provides the local people of the Amazon much needed employment. What this means is that the Brazilian government is cheaply and unnecessarily selling one of, if not the most important resource of the world at an alarming rate. ...read more.

Conclusion

Though "Wild-harvesting" has been proved to be the best way of both conserving and making an income from the forest. As it has proven to be the most economically viable way of making money from the forest and does not evolve any of the factors that cause destruction to the rainforest. It is not as simple as implementing this new process every night. The people need to be trained and this takes money. This is were the more economically developed countries of the northern hemisphere can help by providing money either in cash or through the cancellation of debts owed, in return for the conservation of the rainforests. This is clearly in the best interests of everyone in the world especially since that Amazon is regarded a global resource. If "Wild-Harvesting," was implemented in the Amazon I would also like to see some parts of the Amazon left completely untouched by mankind. Whatever happens to the Amazon, the prospect of completely losing it would be a great loss to the human race and I would sincerely like to see it preserved sooner rather than later, before we lose more of the plant and animals most of which are yet to be discovered by science that are present in the Amazon rainforest. Once an area of rainforest has been cleared it will never grow back to fully flourish or to its great biodiversity even if it is left alone!!!! "ONCE THE AMAZON RAINFOREST HAS VANISHED IT CAN NEVER BE REPLACED!!!!" ...read more.

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