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The Benefits and Disadvantages of a Global TNC

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For an example of a high income country that you have studied that has undergone employment structure change in recent decades: A. outline the changes and the reasons B. describe the effects in the broadest sense a. The UK use to be a mostly primary employment sector in the late eighteenth century. The most common area of specialised farming was cattle (most of the cattle farming was done in England). This was because Britain's climate was almost perfect for the cattle to graze. It has land that is not too steep, it is warm, moist (But not too wet) and it is the perfect climate for grass to grow. However Scotland is far too steep in most places for cattle so instead people used to have hill sheep farms instead. Hill sheep can graze on steep slopes where cows cannot and they can graze on rough rocky ground that cows would not be able to graze from. The rest of Scotland was mixed farming (cows and sheep). The rest of England and Northern Ireland had Arable farms. Crops need flat land with a warm and relatively dry climate also the crops need rich deep soil for their roots. ...read more.


The industries became more high-tech market orientated. Also the south of England was mainly footloose industries that do not necessary need to use raw materials to make the high valued goods. The reasons why the UK became a tertiary sector centred country because again there was more of a profit to be made out of selling things made from raw materials. The UK has changed its employment structure a lot over the last century and it will probably change again soon. b. The UK has undergone massive employment change over the past years; a perfect example is Teesside on the North East coast of England. In the 1960s, Teesside was regarded as 'the industrial centre of the future'. Different governments had helped modernise both the steel industry (nationalised in 1967) and the chemical industry. And also a large, modern integrated iron and steel works was opened at Redcar, and there was also a shell oil refinery in the port. But Teesside soon became a polluted, especially the river Tees, because of all of the sewage effluents (9) and trade effluents (20), this led to the water quality being bad (50% was bad water quality, 20% was poor quality, 10% was fair quality and only 20% was good quality) ...read more.


Also they added some automated water quality monitoring stations. This would tell the people that checked the river, now there is no percentage of poor or bad quality of water but it is a 50% of fair quality and 50% of good quality water. Finally to improve the water completely they laid down pipelines to remove any sewage and industrial effluent to a new treatment works provided by the ICI (imperial chemical industries). This also led to the improvement of water. Teesside still has a long way to go until it becomes a fully developed city. The effects of employment change are: unemployment, (from invention of new machines replacing the workers) Teesside suffered under this when the price of oil went up making industries close down. Land made derelict (from industries closing down and people not being able to demolish them due to lack of funds). And finally profit, the change from say primary to secondary would bring in a lot more money to the local economy. This is because if you develop a raw material into something of high value and then sell it to other countries you would make a larger profit than selling the raw materials. The UK has gone from a primary sector country to a developed HIC with a tertiary centred production line. ...read more.

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