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The Central Business District (CBD).

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Introduction

The Central Business District (CBD) (By Dhruv Rishi Joshi) The CBD acts as the main perhaps the most important part of a city, where the centre of a city's business is found together with its commercial activities, forming the core. Large cities such as London may have more than one CBD and may have experienced a decentralisation of offices and relocation of retailing. However many large cities do suffer many problems particularly on the trade front even in the pollution point of view. It has the greatest concentration of traffic which in itself acts as a major problem. However there are other issues acting as just of importance, especially to people most affected. We can see quite clearly, that there is nowhere near as much trade as there used to be in certain towns mainly due to the 'outer town shopping centres'; for example in Canterbury- much of its trade is taken away by stores such as PC World or Curry's, even the supermarkets which are becoming a regular occurrence in almost all cities. However the larger cities are not affected as much, but still trade is not like it used to be. However we still see the packed London or Manchester. The shopping centres, for example Lakeside, draw people in from the nearby towns, the trade now concentrated there not in the CBD where it should be. Offices also are built on the urban fringes, which once again act as a problem in terms of trade as well as a loss in economic wellbeing. ...read more.

Middle

However, because of this it may mean that there may be less trade fewer people attracted to coming to the city. Pedestrinisation-taking traffic away from the CBD Obviously all cities have undergone some sort Pedestrinisation, helping it in many points of view. In Canterbury, for example, many parts have undergone this, preventing pollution of vehicles as well as traffic, which can cause so many problems. The fact that cars or for that matter lorries do not pass through the high street, in someways encourage trade, few people put off the idea of visiting. Streets have been redeveloped so that they are the same height as pavements. Delivery vehicles are now only allowed to enter the city either during the morning or late in the evening, not during shopping areas thus not affecting it (the trade). Perhaps another problem that faces British Cities, particularly the CBD, is the price of property. As land values increase, fewer people seem able to afford the high prices, meaning in general less trade. Only the larger shops, such as Gap or M&S, are able to afford these rents, so there is a smaller abundance of the smaller shops- they are unable to survive. Less trade is a result of this; the shops that people want are no longer there. In some ways this mean that the city on the whole suffers not just the effected by the high prices. ...read more.

Conclusion

Traffic in Canterbury's CBD In Canterbury there has been a change in traffic flow. As road traffic increased after the Second World War, and the road freight passing through Dover climbed, and inner ring road was built in the 60's to ease the burden of heavy traffic passing along the main shopping street. This inner ring road followed a line just outside the City walls. It was heavily used and finally supplemented by outer by pass in the mid 80's/ Both of these by passes reduced the through traffic using city roads and shortly after wards the Main Street was pedestrianised almost from end to end. The first part to be pedestrianised was to rebuild St. George Street because, when it was rebuilt, rear access to the shops was provided, and now lorries are only able to make use of it during the early morning and at night. Transport Transport, in relation to the CBD, is an important factor in the economic prospects of the inner areas, because mobility and congestion affect the job prospects of their residents and the efficiency of local businesses. Transport management has been reformed over the last decade with new style transport authorities, pans and financial arrangements. The transport Act in 1969 introduced Passenger Transport Authorities in the major cities, following the model of London Transport. The Greater London Council's plans for a motorway box in inner London and a massive restructuring of the primary road network were abandoned in 1973 and following the increases in oil prices metropolitan county councils reviewed their road building programs. ...read more.

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