• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Central Business District (CBD).

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Central Business District (CBD) (By Dhruv Rishi Joshi) The CBD acts as the main perhaps the most important part of a city, where the centre of a city's business is found together with its commercial activities, forming the core. Large cities such as London may have more than one CBD and may have experienced a decentralisation of offices and relocation of retailing. However many large cities do suffer many problems particularly on the trade front even in the pollution point of view. It has the greatest concentration of traffic which in itself acts as a major problem. However there are other issues acting as just of importance, especially to people most affected. We can see quite clearly, that there is nowhere near as much trade as there used to be in certain towns mainly due to the 'outer town shopping centres'; for example in Canterbury- much of its trade is taken away by stores such as PC World or Curry's, even the supermarkets which are becoming a regular occurrence in almost all cities. However the larger cities are not affected as much, but still trade is not like it used to be. However we still see the packed London or Manchester. The shopping centres, for example Lakeside, draw people in from the nearby towns, the trade now concentrated there not in the CBD where it should be. Offices also are built on the urban fringes, which once again act as a problem in terms of trade as well as a loss in economic wellbeing. ...read more.

Middle

However, because of this it may mean that there may be less trade fewer people attracted to coming to the city. Pedestrinisation-taking traffic away from the CBD Obviously all cities have undergone some sort Pedestrinisation, helping it in many points of view. In Canterbury, for example, many parts have undergone this, preventing pollution of vehicles as well as traffic, which can cause so many problems. The fact that cars or for that matter lorries do not pass through the high street, in someways encourage trade, few people put off the idea of visiting. Streets have been redeveloped so that they are the same height as pavements. Delivery vehicles are now only allowed to enter the city either during the morning or late in the evening, not during shopping areas thus not affecting it (the trade). Perhaps another problem that faces British Cities, particularly the CBD, is the price of property. As land values increase, fewer people seem able to afford the high prices, meaning in general less trade. Only the larger shops, such as Gap or M&S, are able to afford these rents, so there is a smaller abundance of the smaller shops- they are unable to survive. Less trade is a result of this; the shops that people want are no longer there. In some ways this mean that the city on the whole suffers not just the effected by the high prices. ...read more.

Conclusion

Traffic in Canterbury's CBD In Canterbury there has been a change in traffic flow. As road traffic increased after the Second World War, and the road freight passing through Dover climbed, and inner ring road was built in the 60's to ease the burden of heavy traffic passing along the main shopping street. This inner ring road followed a line just outside the City walls. It was heavily used and finally supplemented by outer by pass in the mid 80's/ Both of these by passes reduced the through traffic using city roads and shortly after wards the Main Street was pedestrianised almost from end to end. The first part to be pedestrianised was to rebuild St. George Street because, when it was rebuilt, rear access to the shops was provided, and now lorries are only able to make use of it during the early morning and at night. Transport Transport, in relation to the CBD, is an important factor in the economic prospects of the inner areas, because mobility and congestion affect the job prospects of their residents and the efficiency of local businesses. Transport management has been reformed over the last decade with new style transport authorities, pans and financial arrangements. The transport Act in 1969 introduced Passenger Transport Authorities in the major cities, following the model of London Transport. The Greater London Council's plans for a motorway box in inner London and a massive restructuring of the primary road network were abandoned in 1973 and following the increases in oil prices metropolitan county councils reviewed their road building programs. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Human Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Human Geography essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Changes in Guilford's Central Business District from 1968 to 2002.

    4 star(s)

    word since the malls provide every thing less people will go to the CBD to shop which would lower the pedestrian counts. Even the consumers are moving away, there is no doubt that the CBD has the highest land value in the city, and in the UK there is also

  2. In this investigation I will be investigating this hypothesis: Southampton has an important and ...

    In my data there were three cars that were from Leeds. This must have been purely coincidental as it is preposterous to suggest that Southampton's sphere of influence reaches as far as Leeds. To avoid distorting my proportional flow-line map I didn't include anomalies, such as, the three cars from Leeds.

  1. To what extend has the Congestion Charge in London been successful?

    The table below shows the extent of the congestion charge when it first arrived and particularly the case for the amount of cars. According to the graph above, by 2003 2 years after the congestion charge had commenced, the number of private cars entering the central London congestion charging zone during charging hours had fallen by 33%.

  2. Investigate aspects of the Central Business District (CBD) of Cambridge.

    These numbers represented locations in and around the CBD. The people then counted the number of pedestrians walking past them in both directions in 10 minutes. The pedestrian count was conducted at the same time (as set by the teachers in charge)

  1. Northampton Coursework- Delimiting the Central Business District

    * We believe Northampton is a typical of a large English town. * Northampton town is a manageable size to survey in a school day. * We have a particular interest in Northampton as it is our county town. * Northampton would be an easy place to study as we have all been there before a number of times.

  2. Investigating the differences in shopping patterns between out of town shopping centres and the ...

    Data collection methods Primary methods We took a minibus to South Gyle to get there for retail opening time - about 9:00. Collection of data involved: * A land use survey - what shops are there in the centre * Several environmental surveys - what is the situation like in and around it.

  1. Analysis of sphere of influence in different shopping centres. Like Merry Hill and ...

    I believe that an advantage to establishing new transport links is that it will make Dudley more approachable and accessible, therefore causing the shopping centre to become more popular and causing more people to visit the shopping centre. However a disadvantage to this problem is that money will have to

  2. Is there a Shopping heirarchy in Brent

    people in each shopping centre in order to find the first hand opinions of the people that are prevalent in the areas. I will display the results of each of my questionnaire by using a variety of graphs This would help me in proving or disproving my hypothesis because it

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work