• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Challenge of the Atmosphere - source based - Describe the weather situation (5)

Extracts from this document...


The Challenge of the Atmosphere 1. Study Resource 1 a. Describe the weather situation (5) The diagram shows that there is a high-pressure system affecting the UK. The point of highest pressure is found in the North Sea southwest of Norway. The pressure in this region is between 1036 to 1040 Mb and as you move from this point the pressure gradient reduces gradually to 1024 with approximately 150miles between each. In the North of Scotland temperatures are between 18 and 15 degrees Celsius experiencing a generally southerly wind. There is also mist on the northern coast and stretches about 270 miles down the eastern coast reaching the Humber. As you move south down the island temperatures begin to increase with temperatures around London at 27 degrees Celsius. Wind direction begins to change in France moving in a more easterly direction. b. Explain the weather situation (10) The direction of the wind in the north of Scotland gives a reason for the temperatures and mist. Cold air from the arctic and polar regions blows over the sea, which brings air that has not only been made colder by the low temperatures of the Atlantic Ocean, but will also contain moisture that has been picked up on the way. Hence, the moisture content in the air will bring mist and the cold air from the ocean will bring the temperatures. The temperatures in the south are warmer e.g. 27 degrees Celsius due to the fact that this air has come from the tropics where the air is much warmer. It contains little moisture because the air is travelling over land, hence there is little water is travels over. ...read more.


Flooding is a common occurrence during wet monsoons that affect the environment, and people socially and economically. Flooding in Bangladesh for example has claimed the lives of hundreds of thousands and therefore has the potential to do so in West Africa. Flooding can destroy habitats of animals and settlements of people having negative social and environmental affects. The water also enables further the spread of disease as sewerage systems are over run by water and therefore cannot filter that is harmful leading to unsanitary conditions in the region. Crops are also destroyed resulting in a loss of income for farmers, which is an economic impact and also socially affects the region because there is a reduced supply of food resulting in famine. The environment is also affected by wet monsoon. Plants have adapted by growing leaves that channel water from their surface so their pours are not blocked. Some have grown deep roots so that heavy floods do not wash them and also thick trunks to increase this resilience and also to store water during the dryer months. Talking about dryer months, the dry monsoon also negatively affects the people. Although, the wet monsoon can bring many negatives it brings an important source of water to the region for domestic and agricultural use. If the precipitation level is low then less crops are able to be grown and less water is available to be drunk resulting in negative social and economic impacts. The high intensity of sunlight and heat also results in land becoming impermeable and therefore, difficult to irrigate or farm resulting in reduced space for farmers to grow crops resulting in a negative economic impact. ...read more.


However, this is not a permanent solution, as many other regions will not be protected. Changes in climate will also result from global warming. It is predicted that England's climate will become more of a Mediterranean like environment. This will result in new crops being able to be grown, which is economically beneficial to the country. However, a reduction in precipitation is also a likely result and therefore, this might affect the capacity of crops that can be produced, which should be addressed. Warmer sea temperatures off the coasts could also result in the temperatures being more sustainable for fish that prefer warmer environments and therefore, enable the British industry to expand. However, it could also result as a disadvantage because deeper waters mean fish are able to live deeper making fishing harder and therefore, could actually cause a reduction in the available supply of fish, which would be an economic disadvantage. The changes in the British climate will also bring an increase in the severity and degree of weather. Storms, floods, droughts are all likely consequences of global warming. Weather will become unpredictable and possibly dangerous to the population, economy and environment. El Nino is becoming more frequent, which has been known to effect completely obscure places nowhere near Australasia or South America e.g. the Rocky Mountains in North America exprienced sever depletion of snow in 1992, as a result of El Nino. Therefore, it will be difficult to predict what the likely consequences will be for the British isles. In Conclusion, there is a mixture of possible consequences for the UK. Whether they be beneficial or detrimental to the country, the government must consider the consequences in order to be fully prepared for the affects of global warming. GEORGE RYAN ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Physical Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Physical Geography essays

  1. To what extent should Walton-on-the-naze be protected from the sea?

    As you go more southwards to Walton the groynes have kept more sediments than at the side further north of the groyne protection. The only disadvantage of the groynes is that they have to be changed every so often. Sea Walls: This type of protection has been successful at Walton, but the success has had a cost.

  2. Geography- Whistable Coast Project

    Despite these precautions problems such as the weather and temperature which was very low (all tasks) meant that we had to rush and complete the work with haste- therefore meaning less reliable results, lack of proper equipment (Groyne measurements) meant high chance of inaccuracy in the measurements hence making the results less accurate, limitations in time(all tasks)

  1. Should the coast between Overstrand and Sheringham be protected at any cost, or should ...

    Data from the EQI is used and presented in forms of graphs and charts to indicate ones personal opinion about various aspects of a site. (Chart 1, Column) shows the Human Intervention at the 4 sites visited The above bar chart indicates the Sheringham and Overstrand Beach both have had

  2. Free essay

    Notes on Solar power.

    The costs for a commercial scale wind turbine in 2007 ranged from $1.2 million to $2.6 million, per MW of nameplate capacity installed. Most of the commercial-scale turbines installed today are 2 MW in size and cost roughly $3.5 Million installed.

  1. The Truth about Climate Change

    Also, it says in the table that America is the seventh country that emitted the most CO2 as an individual. Therefore, this table, from the CAIT, shows you the top 10 countries that emitted the most CO2 as an individual (per person)

  2. The Norfolk Broads

    Other rivers in Norfolk are The Wensum, The Chet and the Ant and Thurne. There are 42 broads (14 open to boats) that were artificially created by the large peat-diggings that flooded several hundred years ago. The Broads were originally old peat workings from Medieval and Saxon times.

  1. Shops and services Affecting House Prices

    The answers can then be grouped and analysed. There are two types of questionnaire, one where the person being questioned writes down answers themselves; the other has somebody ask the questions for them and note down the answers. I have decided to go with the second option as I can

  2. Earthquakes and volcanoes research

    Tall buildings are now reinforced with steel and are flexible enough to allow them to sway a bit so they don?t collapse so easily. Houses are now concreted with foundations that have wood frames. In earthquake prone areas, many bridges have reinforced columns that help ensure the bridge does not collapse.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work