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The Effects of Two Similar Earthquakes in Two Different Parts of the World

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The Kashmir and Kobe Earthquakes The Kashmir On the 8th of October 2005, a powerful earthquake measuring 7.7 on the Richter scale hit Muzaffarabad, Kashmir (an LEDC). It caused a lot of destruction and anxiety. It was the most destructive earthquake ever to hit that area. It was caused by the collision of the Indian and Eurasian Tectonic plates. Because the Kashmir is next to the Himalayas, earthquakes are very likely to happen there all the time- the plate boundary has a lot of seismic activity. The Kashmir had many lasting impacts and there was a lot of damage done. The immediate impacts were that approximately 1,400 people were killed straightaway. Also all infrastructures were destroyed, transport was suspended and communication was cut off. This meant that others cities and countries could not be informed and food and other supplies could not be received. The cutting off of communication also meant that the survivors of the earthquake could not be informed about aid. The earthquake damaged the Kashmir quite badly, economically also. Landslides caused roads to become blocked so people could not go out of the city or come in. ...read more.


The Pakistani president, Musharaf appealed for tents, food, medicine and helicopters as the government did not have enough money and resources. Kobe, Japan Also at 5:46 on the morning of 17th of January 1995, an earthquake with the magnitude of 7.2 hit Kobe, Japan (an MEDC). The earthquake lasted for twenty seconds. Kobe is in the south-west of Japan. It is on the Nojima Fault which lies above a destructive plate margin. This means that earthquakes are very likely to happen here. The Philippines plate (oceanic crust) was forced downwards by the Eurasian plate (continental crust). There was so much damage done because the earthquake's focus was very close to the surface and the epicentre was so close to Kobe. The immediate effects of the earthquake on Kobe were very bad. Nearly two hundred thousand buildings had fallen down and also numerous bridges along the bullet train route had collapsed. Many trains were derailed and this caused a lot of causalities. One hundred and twenty of the one hundred and fifty quays in the port of Kobe were destroyed which affected import/export. The social impacts were that 5500 people died, 40,000 people were injured (many were permanently disabled) ...read more.


Kobe's Infrastructure was repaired and its' services were running in six months whilst the Kashmir are still struggling with the earthquake's damages. I believe this was because Kobe had the money to repair everything immediate and properly. And also this could be because most things were built in Kobe with proper materials and properly. They also introduced high-tech, sophisticated materials for new buildings. The Kashmir had no food, water, and clothing to offer to the people so they died as a result of this. Many people were poor already and had very few belongings, but now everything was lost. Kobe's government had the resources to offer to the people immediately but there was a short delay due to the disrupted transport and blocked roads. I think that the richer a country is, the less it will be affected and the less it will struggle the aftermath of the earthquake. This is because it will have more resources and the buildings would have been built with new sophisticated materials to withstand earthquakes and hurricanes. Poorer countries would have less money for repair, buildings made of cheap materials and less resources (medical supplies, food, water, helicopters). ?? ?? ?? ?? By Ravi Sud 9S ...read more.

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