• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

'The Gift of the Nile' to the Ancient.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

'The Gift of the Nile' to the Ancient October 26, 2003 Herodotus quotes that "Egypt is the gift of the river". To one of non-Egyptian descendant, the Nile River is minimally known as the longest river in the world. However, The Nile referred to by the ancient Egyptians, as Iteru or The River was much more than just a large river in Egypt. To the Egyptians it was their life source and offered much more to them than just water and fertile land or Black Land. The River also had a bearing on their lifestyle, administration communication and transportation, building, crafts and decorative arts and religious beliefs and morality. The Nile River was extraordinarily imperative to the people of ancient Egypt. Whatever activity the ancient Egyptians partook in, it almost always embraced on the Nile and its annual flood. They consulted a yearly calendar consisting of three seasons: Akhet, Perit and Shemu. Akhet, sometime in July was the season in which the flood began and when the waters began to rise. The king's coronation was held during this day of only two days. During this time large-scale buildings were carried out as the floodwaters enabled barges, transporting large blocks of stone, to get closer to building sites. Under conscription the farmers were made to work in groups on the production of temples and other major structures. It was also regular for people to hand feed their animals and repair equipment. ...read more.

Middle

Transportation on land was difficult as much of it was desert, and horses or wheeled vehicles were not available until approximately 1600 BCE. There are two facts that made sailing along the Nile easy. The prevailing winds blew from north to south, so boats traveling upstream could simply use their sails. The river current ran from south to north, so in a boat the current aided traveling northwards. Additionally, this came to the hieroglyph for traveling south being a boat with a sail and the hieroglyph for traveling north being a boat with oars. Evidence for this came from tomb paintings on walls depicting boats in the tomb of Sennefer or as models in tombs such as that of Pharaoh Tutankhamun. The fertile riches of the Black Land offered building materials for domestic architecture, resources for Egyptian crafts and decorative themes for Egyptian art. The Red Land provided resources for sacred buildings and funerary and temple equipment. All domestic buildings were made of sun-dried bricks from Nile mud including the palaces for kings. Temples and tombs were built using limestone and sandstone from the surrounding desert cliffs. The finest limestone came from the limestone quarry at Tura and was used as the material for the pyramids. Another resourceful natural product found along the Nile is papyrus reed. The papyrus grew abundantly along the marshes of the river and the swamps of the delta providing most of the raw materials for many items used in everyday life. ...read more.

Conclusion

The contrast between the fertile Black Land and the arid Red Land were compared to that of their belief in life and death. The east was where people generally lived. The western desert became the Land of the Dead, where the necropolises were located. This is how Anubis (god of the dead and guardian of the necropolis) got his image from the jackals that roamed the desert. During the New Kingdom, the Egyptians believed that life after death would be spent in the Field of Reeds, a place much like the delta with lush meadows, watercourses and canals. Kings were believed to have spent eternity riding across the sky in the boat of Re. Egypt's total dependence on the water of the Nile reflected from Egyptian morality. The prevention of a neighbour's water supply was regarded in the same as committing theft or even murder. In reference to tomb inscriptions, officials referred to sins they had not committed. One being: I have not fouled running water. Furthermore, one can see the extent The Nile River has had to the ancient Egyptians from transportation and even religious beliefs. Both the Black and the Red Lands of Upper and Lower Egypt offered great benefits for the Egyptian society. Today, the Nile stands as one of Egypt's prime natural resources with 99 percent of the population still in its inhabitance. It is the cradle of Egyptian civilisation and nevertheless, The River has ultimately transformed an almost waste of desert into one of the most fertile areas on earth. Without the Nile Egypt would undoubtedly be unrelieved desert. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Physical Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Physical Geography essays

  1. Geography River Rother

    Battle is small enough to easily enough to have trustworthy measurements. The Valley Profile could have been improved a lot more by actually counting and measuring out our own individual steps instead of making all our steps the same with the same distance between each one.

  2. Geography - Ivestigation of the River Colne, Buckinghamshire

    river, just over a section of its middle course, the bedload didn't have much effect because the river was already quite deep and wide, and the river channel was bigger than in the upper course, so there was fast flowing water in the middle.

  1. Boscastle Flood - Info

    This, to me, seems disrespectful, as if they are implying that his death is less important to them. Next, there is The Sunday Times Magazine. This is very different to both the tabloids. It has a picture of Michael Jackson, standing with his hands together as if in prayer with white angel type wings.

  2. To delimit the edge of the Central Business district of Nottingham along a transect ...

    170 553 320 1392 1.00- 1.10 12 23 63 50 65 154 213 574 345 1499 Site totals 40 82 163 132 248 530 675 1791 1033 Mean number of pedestrians. 10 21 41 33 62 132 169 448 258 From my table I have recorded the results of 1.00

  1. Farming and Famine

    To invent a method of farming that disregards location and the environmental characteristics would set the world free of famine, but I hope that we are as patient as we need to be to find this unknown method. With 'big-wig' supermarkets buying out farmer's land and time, it's either the

  2. Is There a Relationship Between Desirability and Quality of Life at Ward Level in ...

    3 semi detached 3 bed roomed houses will be taken from each ward and the average price calculated. Quality of life Building Quality: The building quality was measured on a scale of 1 to 5 with 1 being the lowest and 5 being the highest.

  1. River Nile and the Ancient Egyptian civilization.

    They forced Egyptians to live on a very small portion of land and reduced interaction with other peoples. However, the desert shut out invaders. For much of its early history, Egypt was spared the constant warfare that plagued the Fertile Crescent.

  2. The sun undergoes a cycle of increased and decreased activity over a period of ...

    5x1012kgCyr-1 is released by the burning of fossil fuels and 2x1012kgCyr-1 is released by deforestation. However, the addition of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere has an effect on the amount of atmospheric carbon dioxide absorbed by the ocean, as they remain in a state of flux heading towards equilibrium, so

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work