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'The growth of the high-tech industry has had a positive effect on the Cambridge area'.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Hypothesis The aim of this project is to prove or disprove the hypothesis that, 'The growth of the high-tech industry has had a positive effect on the Cambridge area'. Cambridge is one of the leading centres for research and development in the world. This attracts many of the top high-tech companies to locate there. As more companies locate in Cambridge the job opportunities rise, in 1945 there were approximately 50,000 jobs this figure has rose to 80,000 in 1996. This is what caused Cambridge to become the fastest growing county in the UK this is also one of the positive impacts of a Science Park locating in Cambridge. A Science Park is a collection of high-tech companies or research institutes located in one area. They are usually situated in a very attractive environment and have close connections to a University. On the premises of a Science Park there are no factories, the Park is for research purposes only. A high-tech industry is linked to science and technology, for example, electronics, computing and medical equipment production. They are involved in a lot of research and development this usually takes place on Science Parks. Production of high-tech products is done in factories elsewhere. How the data was collected Why the data was collected How the data collected could be improved Traffic survey Amount of congestion and levels of traffic. ...read more.

Middle

For example at peak times such as in the mornings and afternoons when most people are arriving and leaving work there could be an increase in traffic. According to the results from my traffic survey I think that the presence of the Science Park has not had a negative effect on the level of traffic flowing around the Cambridge District. There were more cars compared to vans, lorries and busses and other which consisted of cyclists and motorcyclists. I noticed that most of the traffic was travelling north towards the A 10 this consisted of 105 vehicles altogether. Although there were also 100 vehicles headed towards Cambridge. The least number of cars were 11 they were turning out of the Science Park and travelling south towards Cambridge. The survey was conducted over a period of 10 minutes. Overall I do not think that the Science Park has had a negative effect on the amount of traffic flow in Cambridge. This proves my hypothesis that the growth of high-tech industry has had a positive effect on the Cambridge area. Although this may not be true for other times of the day when people are arriving for work or leaving work. There could be an increase in traffic at these times. We also did a survey in Cambridge City Centre, to find the opinions of people on different issues concerning the Science Park. ...read more.

Conclusion

19% of the employees have to travel more than 25km to get to work. As more people have to travel from outside Cambridge to get to work more traffic is created. Overall I think that the growth of industry has played a major role on rising house prices in Cambridge. As the high-tech industry grows more housing is being built, the area is becoming more expensive as there are many colleges and research and development centres in the area. It is an attractive environment to live in so more and more people are moving in to Cambridge. This also increases house prices, as there is a high demand for homes so new housing must be built. The figures show that 48 of the people asked thought that the Science Park played a major role on the amount of traffic in Cambridge. 32 people thought that it played no role on the amount of traffic. This is a negative effect of the growth of industry and disproves my hypothesis. The graph above clearly shows that 51 people asked though that the growth of industry in Cambridge had, had an effect on the amount of pollution created. Although they could have been confused as there is a sewage works located near the Science Park. Only 11 people thought that it played a major role, whereas 26 people thought it played no role at all. The Science Park itself does not create pollution, as there is no production or any factories on site. ...read more.

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