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The Kashmir earthquake

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Introduction

The Kashmir Earthquake The 2005 Kashmir Earthquake Was a major earthquake centred in Kashmir Pakistan. It took place on the 8th of October at 8.53 am. The earthquakes epicentre was Balakot. Measuring 7.6 on the Richter scale with around 20 aftershocks, the earthquake had devastating consequences, with a death toll of 74,698 and around 106,000 casualties. The map shows that the Earthquakes epicentre was Balakot. As a result the areas that were worst affected were those in Pakistan Kashmir, that surrounded Balakot, for example 11000 people died in Muzaffarabad, the capital of Pakistan Kashmir. The Earthquake was caused as Kashmir lies in the area of collision between the Eurasian and Indian tectonic plates. Pressure built up between the plates for hundreds and thousands of years until the plates jolted apart. The earthquake took place only 6 miles under ground so it didn't loose much energy, this is one of the reasons that the earthquake had such a devastating affect on the people and environment of Kashmir. The Indian Tectonic plate still continues to moves North at about 5cm per year. ...read more.

Middle

Many countries, international organizations and non-governmental organizations offered relief aid in the international response to the 2005 Kashmir earthquake. The aid given was relief supplies including food, medical supplies, tents and blankets, many countries also donated money. Rescue and relief workers were sent from different parts of the world to the affected areas and they brought along rescue equipment, such as helicopters and rescue dogs which were used to find live casualties and recover dead bodies . Casualties were taken to be cared for at the Army and Civil hospitals around Pakistan. Makeshift hospitals were set up and doctors were flown in to take care of the many injured people. Tents with kitchen areas were given to provied food and shelter, aswell as truck loads of blankets and medicine. In the smaller villages locals worked hard to find live casualties but many of them had no aid or help from rescue teams. Throughout the earthquake Islamabad airport remained open flying charitie workers in to the country and those affected by the earthquake out. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Earthquake cut of roads stopping people from reaching hospitals, there were not enough helicopters to transport the injured to the makeshift hospitals and once there, there were not enough doctors to care for all of the casualties. There are many strategies that the Government can put in place to prevent such a high death toll during the next Earthquake. Firstly the government need to devise a plan to make sure they can act quicker and provide aid to the smaller more remote villages should there be another earthquake. They should also work on better building construction and use lighter materials which would cause less people to die from being crushed or trapped by fallen buildings. Also schools should begin earthquake drills so that if an earthquake does take place during school hours pupils know what to do. To conclude it can be seen that not only were the areas in Pakistan kashmir affected by devastating consequences such as homlessnes and starvation but also faced longer term indirect effects. Such as people living with diseases which they caught from contaminated water or rotting bodies, many of the survivors still living in tents for years after the earthquake and people having to leave there villages and not returning. By Bethan Luffman ...read more.

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