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The Kashmir earthquake of 2005

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Introduction

The Kashmir earthquake 2005 The earthquake, measuring 7.6 on the Richter scale, struck Muzaffarabad in Pakistan on the 8th October 2005, at 08:52. It had a depth of 10km. The death toll was reported at 75,000. More than 1,000 aftershocks have been recorded, and it is believed there were in excess of 106,000 quake-related injuries. It was caused by destructive plate tectonics, after the pressure build-up between the Eurasian and Indian plates was too great. The effects of the quake were felt by areas in Pakistan such as the city of Karachi and the province Punjab. Four deaths were reported in Afghanistan. The earthquake caused the mountains to rise by several meters. ...read more.

Middle

More than $4.5 billion in aid flooded in, with US marine and army helicopters assisting in the search for survivors and the transportation of aid. A mass mobilisation of the military was implemented, and shelters for the injured and homeless set up. Humanitarian charities the world over rushed to help speed the relief effort and offer support to the devastated country. Thousands lost their livelihoods, for example in landslides that buried farmland and orchards. Ancestral land and farming infrastructure was destroyed. There are also concerns that aid never reached those most in need of help, rather went to groups with links to extremists. They used it to gain access to orphaned and fatherless children. ...read more.

Conclusion

Many have received no money at all. The rebuilding efforts, which for many people have yet to begin, are expected to take around 8 years, a figure believed to be too optimistic by some. Terrain and weather conditions are likely to hamper efforts. It is reported that mountainsides have simply disappeared, and a WWF worker spoke of a huge gap where a mountain simply slid into the river. Much of his work over the last 10 years has been utterly destroyed, with irrigation channels and grain stores gone, collapsing or being buried following the quake. There are fights over scarce food supplies and aid dropped by helicopters; people toting axes; and local residents describe remote valleys as governed by 'the law of the jungle'. They fight psychologically and physically for survival. Source(s): Wikipedia, bbc.co.uk ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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