• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Medieval warm period and Little Ice Age

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Medieval warm period and Little Ice Age Solar Output During the period 1645-1715, in the middle of the Little Ice Age, there was a period of low solar activity known as the Maunder Minimum. There is a still very poor understanding of the correlation between low sunspot activity and cooling temperatures. Volcanic Activity Throughout the Little Ice Age, the world also experienced heightened volcanic activity. When a volcano erupts, its ash reaches high into the atmosphere and can spread to cover the whole Earth. ...read more.

Middle

The 1815 eruption of Tambour in Indonesia blanketed the atmosphere with ash; the following year, 1816, came to be known as the year without summer, when frost and snow were reported in June and July in both New England and Northern Europe. Other volcanoes that erupted during the era and may have contributed to the cooling include Billy Mitchell (1580 ), Mount Parker (1641), Long Island (Papua New Guinea) (ca. 1660), and I also think the volcano that has recently erupted the Iceland had a big impact in Europe. ...read more.

Conclusion

Between 1607 and 1814, the English regularly held a frost fair on the frozen river Thames. There would be puppet shows, races, and sledding. The Frost Fair did not happen every year, but the River Thames did freeze over at least 24 times in the London area during the Little Ice Age. Life during the Little Ice Age was difficult. The cold weather shortened the growing season, and assisted in the growth of molds and fungi that destroyed crops. The cold winters would sometimes cause livestock to die. Wild animals also suffered from the weather. Peasants worked hard on the land, and could barely eke out a living. Crops sometimes failed entirely, and famine would result. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Physical Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Physical Geography essays

  1. Physical Case Studies AQA Revision notes - Ice, rivers and volcanoes.

    death, risk of repeat eruptions, high insurance costs Supervolcano- Yellowstone, Montana, USA * The caldera is bulging up beneath Lake Yellowstone, up to 70cm in some places * The Yellowstone magma chamber is 80km long, 40km wide and 8km deep * An eruption today is likely to destroy 10 000km2

  2. The Long Term Effects of Volcanic Eruptions

    How to mitigate these effects? Authorities have to create awareness to the residents of those living near the volcano on how to react and what to do should there be an eruption in the future. They have to be prepared and be able to accurately calculate approximately the least time

  1. Free essay

    Notes on Solar power.

    That means a 10 kilowatt machine (the size needed to power an average home) might cost $35,000 $50,000. http://windnet.anl.gov/guide/photo/index.cfm http://windels.anl.gov/wint/hju http://enwikipedia.org/wiki/Wind_power HYRO ELECTRIC POWER - NOTES Safety - Commission has the largest dam safety program in the United States. The Commission cooperates with a large number of federal and state

  2. The structure of the Earth and the impact of volcanic eruptions.

    Why- A movement of plates along the African rift valley. Speed of lava reached 60 kph, lava flowed across the runway at Goma airport and through the town. The lava destroyed many homes as well as roads and water pipes, set of many explosions in fuel stores and killed 45 people.

  1. Farming and Famine

    What really worries me is the lack of patience, and more so the power of the companies behind GM crops, that could easily see the crops on the market with their money and supremacy over the rest of the industry.

  2. The sun undergoes a cycle of increased and decreased activity over a period of ...

    Carbon dioxide can absorb radiation of various wavelengths, at about 3, 5 and 15-20 micrometres. This means that carbon dioxide can absorb and re-emit, then absorb and re-emit radiation time and time again, reflecting the radiation back to the Earth, so it does not radiate back into the stratosphere from the troposphere where climate is effected.

  1. Earthquakes and volcanoes research

    Keep away from over head electric wires and bridges. After an earthquake 1. Check yourself and nearby people for injuries and provide first aid if possible. 2. Check electric and gas connections if they?re still on because in the future it can cause other disasters such as fires.

  2. Physical Geography Earth revision notes

    the magma moving up * You might get gases * The water temperature increases * A volcanoes shape changes . Tilt meters measure the change , so do geometers . * Use satellites to measure movement * Look at past eruptions 2010 April eruption Primary Effects ? explosions caused electrical

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work