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The Medieval warm period and Little Ice Age

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The Medieval warm period and Little Ice Age Solar Output During the period 1645-1715, in the middle of the Little Ice Age, there was a period of low solar activity known as the Maunder Minimum. There is a still very poor understanding of the correlation between low sunspot activity and cooling temperatures. Volcanic Activity Throughout the Little Ice Age, the world also experienced heightened volcanic activity. When a volcano erupts, its ash reaches high into the atmosphere and can spread to cover the whole Earth. ...read more.


The 1815 eruption of Tambour in Indonesia blanketed the atmosphere with ash; the following year, 1816, came to be known as the year without summer, when frost and snow were reported in June and July in both New England and Northern Europe. Other volcanoes that erupted during the era and may have contributed to the cooling include Billy Mitchell (1580 ), Mount Parker (1641), Long Island (Papua New Guinea) (ca. 1660), and I also think the volcano that has recently erupted the Iceland had a big impact in Europe. ...read more.


Between 1607 and 1814, the English regularly held a frost fair on the frozen river Thames. There would be puppet shows, races, and sledding. The Frost Fair did not happen every year, but the River Thames did freeze over at least 24 times in the London area during the Little Ice Age. Life during the Little Ice Age was difficult. The cold weather shortened the growing season, and assisted in the growth of molds and fungi that destroyed crops. The cold winters would sometimes cause livestock to die. Wild animals also suffered from the weather. Peasants worked hard on the land, and could barely eke out a living. Crops sometimes failed entirely, and famine would result. ...read more.

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