• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Medieval warm period and Little Ice Age

Extracts from this document...


The Medieval warm period and Little Ice Age Solar Output During the period 1645-1715, in the middle of the Little Ice Age, there was a period of low solar activity known as the Maunder Minimum. There is a still very poor understanding of the correlation between low sunspot activity and cooling temperatures. Volcanic Activity Throughout the Little Ice Age, the world also experienced heightened volcanic activity. When a volcano erupts, its ash reaches high into the atmosphere and can spread to cover the whole Earth. ...read more.


The 1815 eruption of Tambour in Indonesia blanketed the atmosphere with ash; the following year, 1816, came to be known as the year without summer, when frost and snow were reported in June and July in both New England and Northern Europe. Other volcanoes that erupted during the era and may have contributed to the cooling include Billy Mitchell (1580 ), Mount Parker (1641), Long Island (Papua New Guinea) (ca. 1660), and I also think the volcano that has recently erupted the Iceland had a big impact in Europe. ...read more.


Between 1607 and 1814, the English regularly held a frost fair on the frozen river Thames. There would be puppet shows, races, and sledding. The Frost Fair did not happen every year, but the River Thames did freeze over at least 24 times in the London area during the Little Ice Age. Life during the Little Ice Age was difficult. The cold weather shortened the growing season, and assisted in the growth of molds and fungi that destroyed crops. The cold winters would sometimes cause livestock to die. Wild animals also suffered from the weather. Peasants worked hard on the land, and could barely eke out a living. Crops sometimes failed entirely, and famine would result. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Physical Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Physical Geography essays

  1. Taal Volcano

    Then, at level 4 extreme unrest, continuous seismic activity, including harmonic tremor and/or "low frequency earthquakes" which are usually felt, profuse steaming along existing and perhaps new vents and fissures; hazardous, explosive eruption possible within days. Finally, in level 5, there are base surges accompanied by lava flows or eruption columns.

  2. Free essay

    Notes on Solar power.

    The Commission staff inspects projects on an unscheduled basis to investigate: Potential dam safety problems; Complaints about constructing and operating a project; Safety concerns related to natural disasters; and Issues concerning compliance with the terms and conditions of a license.

  1. The Long Term Effects of Volcanic Eruptions

    In 1935, Mauna Loa had such a huge eruption that the flow of lava threatened to destroy Hilo, a city which arose due to the lava solidifying as it flowed from the same volcano. This flow of lava created such a large power of air that the United States Air

  2. Physical Case Studies AQA Revision notes - Ice, rivers and volcanoes.

    the island still remained out of bounds 10 years later, the Red Cross built a home for the elderly, people moved back to the island, mainly elderly population, the volcano itself may become a tourist attraction, the UK government funded a 3 year redevelopment programme including offering mortgages, some vegetation

  1. The structure of the Earth and the impact of volcanic eruptions.

    Hydroelectric power - The steep slopes and narrow valleys which limit farming, it is an advantage for hydroelectric power generation. Narrow valleys can more easily be dammed and the melting snow in spring increases the supply of water. Tourism - There are many natural attractions in the Andes like the mountain peaks, volcanoes, glaciers and lakes.

  2. Farming and Famine

    For me, that is enough to completely forget the prospect of GM crops until we have more knowledge or have another alternative to the farmer's 'dream'. Again, we continue to endeavour to find a method of farming without a disastrous disadvantage.

  1. Physical Geography Earth revision notes

    It is windiest as this time and the direction will change from SW to NW around the centre of the low . ?describe and explain the global responses to the threat of climate change? To try and reduce greenhouse gas emissions , 37 countries signed the Kyoto protocol .

  2. Earthquakes and volcanoes research

    Moderate, felt by people moving about 5 - Quite strong, loose objects fall over 6 - Strong, slight damage to buildings 7 - Very strong, walls crack, 8 - Destructive, chimneys fall 9 - Ruinous, buildings collapse 10 - Disastrous, many buildings destroyed 11 - Very disastrous, few buildings left

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work