• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11

The role of leadership in global politics: do leaders make a difference?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The role of leadership in global politics: do leaders make a difference? Abstract The rise and decline of world powers has attracted much scholarly attention in recent years. The theory of long cycles answers parsimoniously the question: why, in the past half millennium, have Portugal, the Dutch Republic, Britain (twice), and the United States risen to global leadership while others failed to do so? This accounts for the success, or failure, of individual states, but to explain the entire sequence we need to employ an evolutionary paradigm that proposes that each of these long cycles is one mechanism in a spectrum of global evolutionary processes. The leadership succession is an intermediate stage in the evolution of global politics whose next likely major phase, reaching a high point later in the 21st century, will be the gradual absorption of the informal role of global leadership, when embedded in a democratic community, into a network of more formal positions within an emerging global organization of a federalist character. Introduction The rise and decline of global powers has in recent years drawn considerable attention among students of world politics and society, who have mainly focussed on two questions: why do some states rise to a unique position of global leadership while others fail? And why is that those powers that have risen so successfully ultimately also tend to decline? ...read more.

Middle

Those that decline and fail to make it to a second term are those that have failed in their second bid, for reasons specified in propositions for disobeying the instructions and neglecting to bring together the necessary ingredients. In other words, we do not need to separate theories of rise and decline; a good theory of rise has implicit in it a theory of decline. The problem of continuance of global leadership is identical with that of re-selection. Effectiveness is in part a function of power concentration. War victory leaves the world power commanding a lion's share of military and economic power in the global system. "Every execution phase to date the world power has enjoyed a healthy monopoly of seapower . That meant unchallenged control over naval communications, and a powerful assist to installing and "locking-in " the post-war order. However, monopoly also ultimately leads to complacency, to "resting on one's laurels." (http://www.growconnect.com.au/leader-1.html) Production of global order has in recent years been taken as the basic output of global leadership, the claim being that order in world politics is typically created by a single dominant power and that the maintenance of order requires continued hegemony. Order, in this context, has meant peace and a liberal economy. In our perspective this is too expansive a view, and the expression needs qualification, since the proposition generalizes only from the most recent British and American cases. ...read more.

Conclusion

Additionally, new ones will be proposed as innovations for policy agendas in response to demands for the solution of global problems. Such combinations and recombinations are more probable in free societies, hence are not as random as mutations are thought to be in Darwinian biology. These are the sources of variation in the population of strategies. The political and social environment of this population of strategies, including specific institutions, should then be regarded as comprising a selective factor or mechanism that helps to determine which parts of the program will persist, and which policies shall be substituted for by new programs. In global politics this has been most directly the mechanism of macrodecision, which in the past five centuries assumed the form of global war but which might evolve new forms in the future. In global economics, on the other hand, the competititve environment of the world market has served as the basic mechanism of selection. Conclusion The global political process will continue on its time path, following the same temporal structure as it was outlined this assignment. What we might expect to change is the specification of the necessary conditions of that process. While remaining defined by our four basic categories, the content of these conditions changes with the eras of global politics. Therefore, it is observed that a distinct global political structure corresponds to each period of global politics. Reference list - http://www.growconnect.com.au/leader-1.html - Robbins Stephen, (2003), Organizational Behavior, Tenth Edition - http://www.mapnp.org/library/ldr_dev/cmptncy/cmptncy.htm - http://www.learner.org/channel/courses/democracyinamerica/support/dia_15_guide.pdf - http://www.artsci.wustl.edu/~ilp/current.shtml - http://archieve.greenpeace.org/comms/97/arctic/politics/kyoto/pto6.html - http://www.gsb.stanford.edu/mba/learning/curriculum/elect_leadership.html - http://www.london.edu/summit2003/Programme/global_leadership.html - http://www.carleton.ca/~sdalby/DalbyVienna.pdf ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Physical Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Physical Geography essays

  1. Merry Hill Analysis

    I believe that an advantage to establishing new transport links is that it will make Dudley more approachable and accessible, therefore causing the shopping centre to become more popular and causing more people to visit the shopping centre. However a disadvantage to this problem is that money will have to

  2. Is There a Relationship Between Desirability and Quality of Life at Ward Level in ...

    As houses are of a better quality and larger on the outskirts of a town it means the residents are wealthier and have the space and money to have a car whereas in the centre of town housing is poorer quality and cheaper with less space and so less people would have cars.

  1. Supervolcanoes: are we next?

    The eruption starved the seas of oxygen killing virtually all marine life "creating a thick mat of organic matter on the sea floor" which, over time, became the oil we use today (University of Alberta). Furthermore, the greenhouse gases omitted from the eruption altered the atmosphere to a state inhabitable to the majority of organisms.

  2. Tourism Theory

    Greater Mobility The increase in car ownership over the last ninety years has made travelling easier. Along with the introduction of package holidays the increase in motorways built in the 1950's allowed people to travel One car only Two or more cars One or more cars 1961 29 2 31

  1. Globalization - discuss the integration of the worlds economy.

    People with connections to supraterritorial spaces have access to important resources and influence that are denied to those who are left outside. In this regard, some commentators have deplored "global apartheid", as manifested in the so-called "digital divide" and other inequalities.

  2. Tourism Theory (bewdley)

    Shorter working week The reduction in working hours over the past 10 centuries has given us more time to travel. An introduction of the minimum wage has also made travel easier as employees have more money Almost all workers aged 18 and over are entitled to the minimum wage.

  1. Situation Analysis and Problem Statement: Global Communications

    Employee, Union and executive relationships are being tested because loyal employees will get laid off and others will have to take a pay cut to relocate to another country. What can Global Communications possibly gain from the new changes? (Scenario, 2004)

  2. River Processes Revision Notes and Questions.

    in shallow areas of a river and close to the banks, reduces the speed of the river, reducing its energy. - When a river is forced to slow down e.g., before a narrow section of the channel it loses energy - A lot of energy is lost when the river meets the sea (the sea absorbs the energy)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work