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The Savanna

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The Savanna is an amazing rolling grassland scattered with shrubs and isolated trees. The Savanna is a type of grassland and grasslands make up one third of the Earths land surface and supply three quarters of energy that the world needs. Savannas are found in a wide band on either side of the equator on the edges of tropical rainforests. Most of them are located on the interior parts of continents between the tropical rainforests and deserts. The largest area of the Savanna covers one-third of Africa and it's appearance and wildlife varies depending on the season. Types of Savanna There are many different types of Savannas around the world. The type of savanna that we are most familiar with are the East African which are typically acacia savannas. Here animals like lions, zebras, elephants and giraffes and many types of ungulates (animals with hooves) graze and hunt. South America also have savannas but there are very few species that exist on this savanna. In Columbia, Brazil and Venezuela savannas occupy 2.5 million square kilometers (an area about one-quarter the size of Canada). Animals from the neighboring biomes kind of spill into this savanna. There is also a savanna in northern Australia. Eucalyptus trees replace acacia trees in the Australian savanna. There are many species of Kangaroos in this savanna but there is not much of a diversity of different animals. ...read more.


This tree grows up to 25 meters tall and can live for thousands of years. The baobab tree has a thick corky fire-resistant trunk. In the wet season this trunk is used to store water which is used throughout the dry season. The baobab's bark, leaves, fruit and trunk are all used. The bark is used for cloth and rope, the leaves for medicines, the fruit is eaten and sometimes people even live inside of the huge trunks. Wildlife; The savanna is home to a wide variety of animals; Large land animals such as; elephants, giraffes, zebras, rhinoceros, buffalo, lions, leopards and cheetahs. And other animals such as baboons, crocodiles, antelopes, meerkats, ants, kangaroos, ostriches and snakes. Both herbivores and carnivores live in the Savanna. All of these animals have various adaptations that help it to survive. Many of the animals that live in the savanna depend on speed for survival, the savanna is vast and open which means that it is extremely difficult to escape from quick predators as there is nowhere to hide. If the prey is too slow in becomes dinner for the predator however if the predator is too slow it goes hungry. So speed is essential to survive. Camouflage is also important to animals that reside in the Savanna. Predators need camouflage to blend in with their environment and sneak up and surprise their unsuspecting prey. Prey use camouflage too, but as a defense mechanism, they use it to hide from predators. ...read more.


In fact most of the animals killed by these fires are insects with short life spans. The fire could also cause a feast for some animals such as birds of prey that come to fire sites to feed on grasshoppers, stick insects, beetles, mice and lizards that are killed/driven out by the fire. Other small creatures these fires by finding refuge in underground holes and larger animals are usually able to run fast enough to escape the fire. However the grass and plants are burnt to crisp, but the grasses deep roots remain unharmed. Trees survive a fire by retaining some moisture in all their above ground parts throughout the dry season and trees such as the baobab have fire resistant trunks. Fires leave scorched earth covered with black ash behind, the soils become irreversibly damaged. Governments are now much more aware of these issues and the savanna is being partitioned and placed under government protection. Areas are being converted into national parks and their grasses are being replanted. This increases awareness and is certainly necessary in protecting the savanna biome. The savanna is an amazing biome it is home to a large number of animals and a variety of plants. Humans have affected this biome in a number of ways- mostly negatively however humans are now aware of this issue and have begun to try to undo their wrongs. These efforts so far have proved successful, governments should keep doing what they're doing and then the savanna and its residents will be completely safe and the balance will remain intact. ...read more.

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