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The small village of Malham is situated within the Yorkshire Dales National Park, about 60km North-West of Leeds.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

INTRODUCTION The small village of Malham is situated within the Yorkshire Dales National Park, about 60km North-West of Leeds. There are twelve National Parks in England and Wales. These areas have been chosen because they are beautiful natural areas of countryside. A National Park Authority has two main duties: - to conserve beautiful scenery, wildlife and historic features; - to help people to understand and enjoy the special qualities of the area Malham is a typical 'honeypot', which means that it attracts a large amount of visitors in only a small area. The Yorkshire Dales National Park Authority want people to visit and enjoy the breathtaking scenery surrounding Malham but they also need to manage the area so the natural beauty remains intact. The YDNP Authority need to make sustainable development to the area so the ever increasing number of tourists to Malham can visit without making a bad impact on the area. Research will be carried out to see why tourists visit Malham and to see what affect they have on the area. The management of the area can then be analysed as to how effective it is and whether it is sustainable or not. AIMS There are three research questions that will be answered RQ1 - What evidence is there that the quality of this landscape is high and that tourists are attracted to this area? RQ2 - What evidence is there of the impact of tourist's on the area? RQ3 - How is the impact of tourism being managed and is it sustainable What makes Malham so attractive and such a popular 'honeypot' site will need to be investigated into. What makes the landscape of the Malham area so attractive will need to be researched into and other factors that attract tourists to Malham will be looked at. Research will be done to find evidence of tourist impact on the area. ...read more.

Middle

Many of them are directed to accommodate and or serve purpose for tourists to the village. Obviously a lot of the village is revolved around tourists as there are so many that visit which is why there are buildings that would be classed as unusual in any normal village of it's size. Services for the visitor: Accommodation: no. of bed spaces 256 (includes: hotels; guest houses; youth hostel; bunk barns; etc) Cafes / Restaurants 6 (including those in hotels) Shops 5 (Post office and general store limited winter opening; souvenir; sweet; etc) Public houses 2 Camp sites 2 As shown above there is a massive amount of accommodation made available to tourists. Infact the amount of beds available for tourists is much larger than the entire population of the village. This gives a good indication about how dedicated the village is to tourism. Year 1801 1851 1881 1891 1931 1951 1971 1981 1991 Population 262 188 148 163 126 171 163 112 134 Population figures: (official census data) A decrease in population as the national population rises shows that over the years Malham has becom e and is still become more directed towards tourism. Almost 25% of all buildings in Malham have tourist functions. This gives good evidence that tourism greatly impacts Malham village. The majority of tourist buildings start at the car park at the bottom of the village and follow the river and road towards Malham cove. There are shops and eating facilities as you go through the village from the car park. There is only one building with a tourist function along the road leading to Gordale scar. This indicates that it is more popular for tourists to go to Malham cove especially as there are other areas and walks that lead on from there. There are other tourist impacts to Malham village and surrounding areas that are not shown by the land use map. ...read more.

Conclusion

How is the impact of tourism being managed? Is it sustainable? Firstly I will refer back to the impacts talked about in research question 2. - jobs - traffic - erosion / footpaths - litter - problems for land owners - disruption of the local community Because of the large number of negative tourist impacts to the area it has to be managed, as any other area in a national park. There are different groups who help to manage the area, - YDNPA - National Trust - Private business and individuals as most land around Malham is privately owned - EU, give grants to farmers for conservation In 1996 the NDNP authority launched the "traffic and visitor management strategy" which tried to identify ways to reduce the potential for conflict between the growth of tourism and the conservation of the countryside. The ways they came up with aimed to: - Maintain traffic flows at the 1994 level. - Increase the proportion of staying visitors. - Manage recreational routes and sites within environmental carrying capacities. - Protect the quieter and more fragile areas of the park. - Promote appropriate routes for coaches, caravans, 4-wheel drive vehicles etc. - Encourage park and ride schemes. - Implement traffic calming schemes. - Encourage alternatives to the car for travel into and around the area. All of these ideas and schemes are sustainable. The majority of them are concerned with traffic and how visitors travel in and out, and also and are also aimed at increasing the number of visitors staying in the village. These are sustainable because if they can come up with ways for visitors to be able come in large numbers without causing traffic problems or spoiling the beauty of the village and surrounding landscape. Also encouraging visitors to stay in the village is very sustainable because it will reduce the volume of traffic travelling in and out of the village and it will bring in more custom for local hotels, pubs and shops. ...read more.

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