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The study of one world or many worlds? To what extent, if any, do these socio-political systems represent separate worlds?

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The study of one world or many worlds? To what extent, if any, do these socio-political systems represent separate worlds? Liberal policies of the Western world have led to greater global activity, and many would argue globalization, advances in communication, technology and transport have led to the creation of one world, where all countries are part of a global market, a global economy. Others believe that we are still dealing with separate worlds and cultures. These arguments and exploring the evolution of this global world and its impacts will be addressed in this paper. Buzan and Segal, in `Anticipating the Future' view the twentieth century as a century-long struggle of various ideologies; monarchism, liberal democracy, communism and fascism, highlighting the role of various events such as the World Wars and the Cold War in this process. Their basic argument consisted of the idea that the `West' triumphed in the battle of cultures and ideologies and due to this `triumph', rapid economic expansion and the opening up of the global market was a consequence. They basically convey the idea that the triumph of the West through the 20^th Century has led to the evolution of one global economy, "In economic terms most of the world lives in a single global market" (Buzan and Segal, 1998:13). ...read more.


In recent times there has been a shift away from traditional states and nations and the fruition of a global economy which has had great impact; both positive and negative on humanity and societies. The advocates say globalization brings the first real chance of prosperity to the impoverished corners of the world, "Globalisation, then, is growth-promoting. Growth, in turn, reduces poverty. ...the iberalization of international transactions is good for freedom and prosperity." - [1](Razeen, London School of Economics). Opponents say globalization is the cause of growing poverty and inequality on the planet, "Globalization breaks old ties and roots, overthrows and upsets life styles, production, reproduction and consumerism models... modifies lands, creates new frontiers and discriminations. It builds new hierarchies, privileges, injustice in every corner of the planet: nothing can escape from this powerful machine, that has the same strength of the primary accumulation" (http://www.ainfos.ca/A-Infos97/2/0425.html). Those in the middle see how unbridled globalization could wreak havoc on some while simultaneously opening the doors of opportunity to others. The issue of how globalization has impacted upon the third world is addressed by Kofi Annan, "Personally, I do not believe that those [poor] people are victims of globalisation. ...read more.


Buzan and Segal, Fukuyama and also Robertson argue that due to the compression of the world brought about by Wars, advanced technology and communication and improved transport and the subsequent `opening up' of the global marketplace for rapid global expansion, one global world has evolved. The role of the Japanese illustrate that countries can be apart of the modern, global marketplace without necessarily adopting completely Western ideals. The role of multi-national companies in pursuing and implementing Western ideology throughout the world must be noted, however modernization does not always have to be Western based, as Japan show. Huntingdon's argument that we are still looking at separate civilizations that are not all accepting Western values is an argument somewhat confirmed by the recent events in Iraq and North Korea. Whilst I would argue that a global world is in the process of evolution and that countries are being somewhat forced into a global market and thus, the adoption of Western ideals, I would argue that we are still looking at separate worlds and cultures within and without of the global world. Japan demonstrate that there are separate worlds within the global economy, whilst opposition and disillusionment with the West throughout the world illustrate that we are still looking at, and comparing separate worlds. ...read more.

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