• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The study of one world or many worlds? To what extent, if any, do these socio-political systems represent separate worlds?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The study of one world or many worlds? To what extent, if any, do these socio-political systems represent separate worlds? Liberal policies of the Western world have led to greater global activity, and many would argue globalization, advances in communication, technology and transport have led to the creation of one world, where all countries are part of a global market, a global economy. Others believe that we are still dealing with separate worlds and cultures. These arguments and exploring the evolution of this global world and its impacts will be addressed in this paper. Buzan and Segal, in `Anticipating the Future' view the twentieth century as a century-long struggle of various ideologies; monarchism, liberal democracy, communism and fascism, highlighting the role of various events such as the World Wars and the Cold War in this process. Their basic argument consisted of the idea that the `West' triumphed in the battle of cultures and ideologies and due to this `triumph', rapid economic expansion and the opening up of the global market was a consequence. They basically convey the idea that the triumph of the West through the 20^th Century has led to the evolution of one global economy, "In economic terms most of the world lives in a single global market" (Buzan and Segal, 1998:13). ...read more.

Middle

In recent times there has been a shift away from traditional states and nations and the fruition of a global economy which has had great impact; both positive and negative on humanity and societies. The advocates say globalization brings the first real chance of prosperity to the impoverished corners of the world, "Globalisation, then, is growth-promoting. Growth, in turn, reduces poverty. ...the iberalization of international transactions is good for freedom and prosperity." - [1](Razeen, London School of Economics). Opponents say globalization is the cause of growing poverty and inequality on the planet, "Globalization breaks old ties and roots, overthrows and upsets life styles, production, reproduction and consumerism models... modifies lands, creates new frontiers and discriminations. It builds new hierarchies, privileges, injustice in every corner of the planet: nothing can escape from this powerful machine, that has the same strength of the primary accumulation" (http://www.ainfos.ca/A-Infos97/2/0425.html). Those in the middle see how unbridled globalization could wreak havoc on some while simultaneously opening the doors of opportunity to others. The issue of how globalization has impacted upon the third world is addressed by Kofi Annan, "Personally, I do not believe that those [poor] people are victims of globalisation. ...read more.

Conclusion

Buzan and Segal, Fukuyama and also Robertson argue that due to the compression of the world brought about by Wars, advanced technology and communication and improved transport and the subsequent `opening up' of the global marketplace for rapid global expansion, one global world has evolved. The role of the Japanese illustrate that countries can be apart of the modern, global marketplace without necessarily adopting completely Western ideals. The role of multi-national companies in pursuing and implementing Western ideology throughout the world must be noted, however modernization does not always have to be Western based, as Japan show. Huntingdon's argument that we are still looking at separate civilizations that are not all accepting Western values is an argument somewhat confirmed by the recent events in Iraq and North Korea. Whilst I would argue that a global world is in the process of evolution and that countries are being somewhat forced into a global market and thus, the adoption of Western ideals, I would argue that we are still looking at separate worlds and cultures within and without of the global world. Japan demonstrate that there are separate worlds within the global economy, whilst opposition and disillusionment with the West throughout the world illustrate that we are still looking at, and comparing separate worlds. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Physical Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Physical Geography essays

  1. Boscastle Case Study

    I think the areas which are labeled with the extent of extreme flooding should definitely have a flood defense in place. What factors or activity within or outside the catchment influence the floods? Boscastle is quite likely to flood in the near future as it is near the coast and some nearby rivers.

  2. Brazil's economic crisis.

    The idea was that each centre developed and would extend outwards into the surrounding areas. There were some advantages of it, it created many new jobs, generating wealth for many Brazilian owned companies. But the disadvantages have been it has destroyed large areas of the rainforest and the traditional Amerindian way of life.

  1. To what extent Rothbury fits a model of tourist honeypot

    Also you don't even know whether the predestrians walking around are tourist or just the local people. Questionnaires We were told to ask one person a number of questions about their veiw point on the impacts of tourism in Rothbury.

  2. The role of leadership in global politics: do leaders make a difference?

    It is different not only because it is obviously more complex, but also it is also different in a patterned way that suggests higher performance and greater efficacy, in other words, cumulative learning, but also greater dangers. That is why an explanation of structural change in world politics, while focussing

  1. A set of diary entries from Private Ted Walden about his struggle in a ...

    But then at night while the guards are happily sulking away in the corner, we have managed to tip toe onto the roof through a hole in the wall of our cell and cautiously climbed up a series of pipes onto the roof.

  2. Case Study on Malvern

    Visitor pressure is the amount of visitors that come to a place if there is a big visitor pressure then a lot of tourists visit this place and visa versa. Collection of data and evidence Environmental assessment - We were assigned a placement in Malvern in our pairs from where we would do our Traffic count and Pedestrian count.

  1. Globalization - discuss the integration of the worlds economy.

    In this sense globalization might be characterized as the rise of "supraterritoriality". Of course globalization does not signal the end of other social spaces. The rise of supraterritoriality does not eliminate the significance of localities, countries, and regions. Nor does the spread of trans-world connections abolish territorial governments or dissolve territorial identities.

  2. "In one way or another, these texts account for a turning from the world, ...

    putting forward an argument that demonstrates the creator's views on the issue. This is done through the shaping of the text, whether by words, images or sounds, to create an understanding of the complex interrelationship between local and global. The texts studied do not demonstrate a straightforward view of the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work