• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Three Gorges - Where exactly is it? What are reasons for this project (Economic, Environmental, and Political)? What are the implications for this project (environmental, social and economic)?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Alexander Brice The Three Gorges Qs: Where exactly is it? What are reasons for this project (Economic, Environmental, and Political)? What are the implications for this project (environmental, social and economic)? N.B. information on this project causes controversy - note source and be critical about what you read. Impacts and Reasons for the Project Economic * Its generating capacity will be 18.2 million kilowatts, with a yearly power output of 84.7 billion kWh, equivalent to burning 50 million tons of coal or 25 million tons of crude oil. * When compared to coal-burning facilities of a similar size, the Three Gorges Plant can cut a large amount of carbon dioxide, one to two million tons of sulphuric dioxide, 10,000 tons of carbon monoxide, and 150,000 tons of dust. * Foreign Financiers have little enthusiasm for Three Gorges, the result has been a heavy drain on taxpayer's money and local banks. The project needs private funding. Last year, Three Gorges vice president travelled to Hong Kong seeking investors. * The Yangtze is the world's third longest river, is one of China's main transportation routes. ...read more.

Middle

* It has been a Political ambition for generations to control the River Yangtze. Much of what project opponents had forecasted in 1989 is now in full view for the world to see. * Construction is currently facing massive corruption (In 2000, 97 officials were punished and one sentenced to death for embezzling funds put aside for the relocation of over a million people whose homes were to be flooded by the dam), spiralling costs, technological problems (including cracks 2mm wide and 5m long) and major resettlement difficulties, all raising questions to the judgment of continuing the project. Issue Criticism Defence Cost The dam will far exceed the official cost estimate, and the investment will be unrecoverable as cheaper power sources become available and lure away ratepayers. The dam is within budget, and updating the transmission grid will increase demand for its electricity and allow the dam to pay for itself. Resettlement Relocated people are worse off than before and their human rights are being violated. 15 million people downstream will be better off due to electricity and flood control. Environment Water pollution and deforestation will increase, the coastline will be eroded and the altered ecosystem will further endanger many species. ...read more.

Conclusion

The alluvium carried in the river destroys the crops and can lead to famine and starvation. Alluvium also leaves behind a think layer and silt ruins the fields meaning that future crops are cut back and can be devastating for both trade and for growing a subsistent amount of crops. Labour is the main resource in this area and therefore a loss of people is a massive impact on the area, and the displacement of people that was caused by the massive flood led to lack of people to work the land. Climatic - 50 million tonnes of coal is the equivalent per year of the production of the HEP. China is the largest producer and users of coal, so to generate the electricity this way means the environment is saved as is the coal that would have been used. Now this coal can be used for other developments. Tectonics- the weight of the dam and the weight of water behind it could result in an earthquake. The weight may crash the rock and the enormous volume of water could seep into enormous fault lines and lubricate them meaning that they can slip more easily across one another leading to an earthquake. This is a Quasi-Natural occurrence. The sheer weight such a huge volume of water could cause such an earthquake too. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Physical Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Physical Geography essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Earthquakes in MEDC's and LEDC's

    4 star(s)

    The government may wish to focus on other matters. This idea could be strengthened when we are to couple this fact with the reality of the Pakistani government which, according to a 2007 report of Transparency International, Pakistan ranks 7th most corrupt country in the world.

  2. Free essay

    Describe and explain the economic and social costs and benefits of ageing and youthful ...

    4 star(s)

    This is a great cost to a country. In LEDC'S an ageing population could benefit them, for example in Nigeria, an ageing population would reduce the death rate. These elderly people could work a bit to help contribute to the country or teach younger generations how to farm or do specialist jobs.

  1. Is Hong Kong a normal city?

    In my view, the houses were not very nice because they were above looking down onto the middle of a wet market which was nosisy and smelly. However, the renat in this area is cheaper and so some people can only afford to live her and not somewhere cleaner and more spacious.

  2. Where is the Yangtze River and what are its characteristics?

    Hence the Yangtze is vital in order for people to communicate and operate beyond their local areas. Wuchang, Nanjing, Hanyang and Anqing are principal cities that border the river whilst the Jiangsu province is one of the leading rice - growing areas of China.

  1. Boscastle Flood - Info

    but it also refers to poppers/drugs. This is not nice at all and is disrespectful to mention it when reporting on his death. The Sun use lottery ball type section to put facts about the service in such as "1.6m people applied for tickets for the public memorial event".

  2. How and why does environmental quality change around Croydon?

    Whitgift and walked into Croydon where we were given a quick briefing on our task at the Queens Gardens before setting off to our transect points. We awarded each transect point with a graffiti score, vegetation score, litter score, pedestrian score and traffic score.

  1. Geography- Whistable Coast Project

    Further more I personally find it interesting and it is part of the AQA course. Key words- There are several key words that are relevant to my investigation on Whistable. They will be words that I will use throughout this investigation.

  2. Farming and Famine

    To invent a method of farming that disregards location and the environmental characteristics would set the world free of famine, but I hope that we are as patient as we need to be to find this unknown method. With 'big-wig' supermarkets buying out farmer's land and time, it's either the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work