• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Urban Renewal of London

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Was the urban renewal programme of the London docklands development corporation successful? Urban renewal is the planned upgrading of a deteriorating urban area, involving rebuilding, renovation, or restoration. It frequently refers to programs of major demolition and rebuilding of blighted areas. The London docklands is an area of in east London that has suffered from a declining economy since the Second World War due to severe bombing in the area. From between July 1981 and March 1998 a major regeneration programme took place reforming the docks from a huge derelict area into a desirable place to live. Huge corporations have set up in the dockland's canary wharf and many people have moved into the surrounding houses to work in the newly set up specialist jobs. Over the past 20 years, the population of the docklands has more than doubled and the area is now a major business and residential area housing many people who commute into central London daily. Also seeing as the Olympics will be held in the east of London come 2012 it is essential to reinstate the docklands to one of the integral cogs of British economy. Although its influence in the area was undoubtedly very strong, The London docklands development corporation powers were in practice limited. ...read more.

Middle

The situation was greatly complicated by the large number of landowners involved: the PLA, the Greater London Council (GLC), the British Gas Corporation, five borough councils, British Rail and the Central Electricity Generating Board. To address this problem, in 1981 the Secretary of State for the Environment formed the London Docklands Development Corporation (LDDC) to redevelop the area. This was a statutory body appointed and funded by central government with wide powers to acquire and dispose of land in the Docklands. It also served as the development planning authority for the area. Over the past 20 years, the population of the Docklands has more than doubled and the area has become both a major business centre and an increasingly acceptable area to live. Transport links have improved significantly, with the Isle of Dogs gaining a tube connection via the Jubilee Line Extension (opened 1999) and the DLR being extended to Beckton, Lewisham, London City Airport, North Woolwich and Stratford. Canary Wharf has become one of Europe's biggest clusters of skyscrapers and a direct challenge to the financial dominance of the City. Further east, the Royal Docks are finally being regenerated most prominently symbolized the ExCeL Exhibition Centre. Although most of the old Dockland wharves and warehouses have been demolished, some have been restored and converted into flats. ...read more.

Conclusion

Better houses have been made available, and it is a place that the public want to live in. Urbanisation is staring to happen, and new housing blocks are quickly been filled. A success for sure, as people are moving back into the area realising it has more to offer. Before the LDDC took over the area looked ugly and run down, but now has been transformed. The LDDC received a total of 43 awards for architecture and conservation. Land prices within the Docklands also suggest success, before development land was available at a relatively cheap price. Now a one-hectare plot is worth over �2 million. In all aspects, the Docklands have been a success. From a run down inner city, it is now a city within a city. Docklands is a modern hidden community, which once was only run down land. With careful planning and consideration it has become transformed into what it is today. Nevertheless, as with all successes there are a few failures. Contained on London Docks, are the warehouses of the Tobacco Dock. This was redeveloped into a shopping centre, but with poor custom had to close. This was through the lack of planning, but lessons were learnt. With the Docklands having been significantly regenerated, in 1998 the LDDC finished its work in the Docklands. However, redevelopment continues to carry on the good work that the LDDC did. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Human Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Human Geography essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Geography isle of dogs

    4 star(s)

    will evaluate and use this data as research to compare against my EQI's. Limitation: house prices vary at all times, by the time I have recorded data and compared it to secondary data it may have changed. Also the description of what the houses offer are not specified and therefore

  2. Llandudno Urban Studies

    Environmental evaluation. On the whole Llandudno seems to be quite a clean place and scores on average 61.35 which rates as a good in the key. The only pattern here is that the environment seems to be good in the west but in the east the environment is only proclaimed as average.

  1. Urban Regeneration of London Docklands - A sustainable success?

    * 2,800 new jobs created. Transport �950million spent * New roads. * Docklands Light Railway. * London City Airport. * Pedestrian and cycle networks. Commercial Development * Many companies chose to move out and make the most of the cheap office rents and open space.

  2. Research Question - The Developments of The London Docklands have changed the characteristics ...

    In an effort to undo the progression of the decline of the Docklands, the government established the London Docklands Development Corporation in 1981. Its aims were to regenerate the area by seizing planning responsibility from local councils. The LDDC operation ended in 1997 after 17 years of developing the Docklands area.

  1. The purpose of this coursework is to see how the development of the London ...

    in 1981. The LDDC set up something called the "enterprise zone". Firms were taking advantage of the incentives that the enterprise zone gave and many businesses started to locate in the Docklands. Theory What is a UDC? UDC stands for urban development corporation.

  2. London prepares for the Olympics

    * The Olympic stadium itself, which could be used for an Athletic or Premiership football stadium. * 4,000-4,500 new residential units built to house teams in the Olympic village- could be used to provide affordable and key worker housing. * A 1,000,000 sq ft media centre would be created for

  1. Stratford london 2012 - an area under change. Scope for green development.

    This area is quite green because it has a lot of trees and bushes to make the air clean and smell fresh. The main type of houses on this road is maisonette, flats and houses with chimneys. Buildings built from bricks with wooden doors as well as PVC windows.

  2. Case Studies - Population, Settlement, Industry and Environment

    at a high altitude Namib Desert, Namibia-Threats to ecosystem of Tropical Deserts * Opencast mining: The Rossing opencast uranium mine is located 65km NE of Walvis Bay. Large amounts of sand need to be moved to get to the mines, destroying animal habitats.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work