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To delimit the edge of the Central Business district of Nottingham along a transect line

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Introduction

Aim: To delimit the edge of the Central Business district of Nottingham along a transect line. Objectives: I will investigate three parameters, which will enable me to attain my aim. The parameters include: 1. Number of pedestrians (teacher directed) I will investigate whether the amount of pedestrians will change along the transect line. This will indicate where the edge of the CBD meets the edge of transition. Hypothesis 1 - I predict that the number of pedestrians will increase as I get closer to the CBD. 2. Length of shop frontages I am going to investigate whether the length of shop frontages changes along the transect line and therefore gives an indication of where the edge of the CBD meets the zone of transition. Hypothesis 2 - I predict that the closer I get to the CBD (Site 9) the longer the shop frontages. 3. Environmental quality I am going to investigate whether the environmental quality changes along the transect line; this will determine where the edge of the CBD is. Hypothesis 3 - I predict that the environmental quality will deteriorate away from the CBD towards site 1. Justification of: * Hypothesis 1 - The CBD in Nottingham is nearly all pedestrianised and contains large shopping centres such as the 'Victoria Centre.' People enter the CBD for work and to shop. Further towards site 1, the land use is mainly housing, and there is less retail and commercial properties so people are less likely to enter this area. Using this information, I formed the basis of Hypothesis 1. * Hypothesis 2 - The CBD of Nottingham is where most of the large retail units and commercial buildings are, as it is where the land prices are the highest, also, it is the nearest point for a large number of people from different areas of Nottinghamshire. This means that the shop frontages will be larger as the business's will be able to afford larger premises. ...read more.

Middle

Between 1.00 - 1.10pm there was a total increase of 765 people than between 10.00 -10.10am. This may have been due to that between 1.00-1.10 is at the time in which people have their lunch hours so people will be walking to and from work. Also 10 is quite early in the morning for some people especially if they have to travel far so not all the pedestrians will have arrived in the area we collected our data by 10am. The graph shows a constant positive correlation from 12 pedestrians at site 1 to 574 pedestrians at site 8. This may be due to there being more retail activity towards the city centre towards site 9 than there is at site 1. Also site 8 was the busiest site because the road which the data was recorded on had places of work and leisure either side. The line of best fit on the bar graph drops between site 8 and site 9 from 448 pedestrians to 258 pedestrians. This may be due to site 9 being in a area with less retail activity also it is further away from the main shopping centre 'Victoria Centre' than site 8. The information which I collected helps me to accept my hypothesis as the amount of pedestrians do increase up the transect line towards the CBD towards site 9 the total increase from site 1 to site 9 is 993 pedestrians. At site 6 there is a sharp increase in pedestrians from 65 at site 5 to 154 at site 6, I thought that this may be where the breakpoint is along the transect line. I came to this conclusion because site 1 to site 5 have a very small amount of pedestrians the total collected at sites 1-5 is 665 pedestrians, the highest site being site 4 reaching a maximum of 163. whereas the overall pedestrians counted at sites 6-9 is 4029 the highest amount of pedestrians counted was at site 8. ...read more.

Conclusion

These conclusions are only for Mansfield Road and can not be applied to any other transect along Nottingham. Also the conclusions can not be applied for any other CBD in England or any other country without full research and understanding of the city. Also the data collected was only a snap-shot in time so the conclusion can only be applied to the time in which the data was collected as the CBD may increase or decrease over time. Hypothesis 1 If I were to make a new Hypothesis I would keep my original hypothesis as the results accepted my original hypothesis. Hypothesis 2 If I were to repeat this experiment I would measure all the building frontages to give me an even more accurate conclusion. I would also extend the investigation, and investigate the height of the buildings and how this differs towards the CBD. If I were to make a new Hypothesis from my conclusion I would keep my original hypothesis that:- The closer I get to the CBD (zone 5) the longer the length of the building frontages. Hypothesis 3 To improve my method I would have researched just one topic such as litter of graffiti instead of 10 topics then I would be able to go more in depth in this one topic, also I would be able to come to a more accurate and valid conclusion. From looking at the breakpoints of each Hypothesis on page 30, the conclusions I came up with and the breakpoints I gathered from theses conclusions lead me to believe the actual breakpoint between the CBD and the zone of transition is at site 4. Acknowledgements To help me complete my Geography Coursework I used a number of sources to help me obtain information and diagrams of Nottingham. These were: The Burgess model on page http://www.bennett.karoo.net/images/urban/burgess.gif The Hoyt model on page http://www.bennett.karoo.net/images/urban/hoyt.gif The map of Nottingham http://www.expedia.co.uk Random sample table http://stattrek.com/tables/Random.aspx Information http://www.nottinghamcountycouncil.co.uk ?? ?? ?? ?? Geography coursework 2006 Chloe Louise Mercer 1 ...read more.

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